Play-based learning and phenomenon-based learning in the Finnish Early Childhood Education
Palavras-chave:Early Childhood Education, Finnish Education, Play-based Learning, Phenomenon-based Learning
Desde 2005, com a repercussão dos resultados de avaliações educacionais internacionais, a Finlândia e seu sistema educacional têm sido foco de interesse de educadores de todo o mundo e diferentes aspectos do funcionamento e estrutura do sistema tem sido explorados desde então. No presente texto, se apresenta dois dos elementos chaves na educação e cuidado na primeira infância, a aprendizagem baseada no brincar e a aprendizagem baseada no fenômeno; e como essas abordagens pedagógicas estruturam práticas que dão suporte para a aprendizagem dos alunos, e se articulam com o processo educacional posterior. Para ir além da mera descrição das práticas pedagógicas e não repetir o que outros pesquisadores já narraram sobre o sistema educacional finlandês, evidencia-se ao longo desse texto os aspectos desenvolvimentais dessas práticas e como elas estão articuladas com a extensiva formação dos professores.
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