La incapacidad mayeútica del arte en la sociedad platónica

Autores

  • Jorge Tomás García Universidad de Murcia (España).

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/REVEDFIL.issn.0102-6801.v28n55a2014-p255-280

Palavras-chave:

Platón, Arte, Pintura, Educación, Mayéutica, Censura

Resumo

La incapacidad mayeútica del arte en la sociedad platónica

Resumen: La relación entre Platón y el arte de su tiempo es un tema bien conocido desde hace décadas. Si bien parece claro que Platón estableció uma definición perenne sobre qué es el arte y su proceso creativo en la antigua Grecia, sin embargo debemos prestar atención a la función que para Platón el arte tenía en su sociedad ideal. ¿Para qué el arte? En su proyecto educativo -basado en la mayéutica como eje fundamental del aprendizaje - el arte está sometido al dictamen y censura de las demás ciencias empíricas. Este artículo pretende evaluar la verdadera relevância educativa que el proceso artístico tenía para Platón a través de un análisis crítico de la sociedad planteada por el filósofo ateniense.

Palabras clave: Platón; Arte; Pintura; Educación; Mayéutica; Censura.

La incapacidad mayeútica del arte en la sociedad platónica

Abstract: The relationship between Plato and the art of his time is a well known subject for decades. While it seems clear that Plato established a perpetual definition of what is art and the creative process in ancient Greece, however we must pay attention to the role that art had in Plato's ideal society. Why art? In its education process - based on maieutic as a fundamental learning motive - art is a subject to opinion and censorship of other empirical sciences. This article aims to evaluate the true educational relevance that Plato had artistic process through a critical analysis of society presented by the Athenian philosopher.

Keywords: Plato; Art; Painting; Education; Maieutic; Censorship.

Data de registro: 13/03/2013

Data de aceite: 20/11/2013

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Biografia do Autor

Jorge Tomás García, Universidad de Murcia (España).

Doctor en Historia del arte y licenciando en Filología Clásica. Especializado en la Estética de la pintura griega clásica y su relación con la estética de Platón y Aristóteles.  Profesor interino del Departamento de Historia del Arte en la Universidad de Murcia (España). E-mail: jtg.jorge@gmail.com

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2014-09-23

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TOMÁS GARCÍA, J. La incapacidad mayeútica del arte en la sociedad platónica. Educação e Filosofia, Uberlândia, v. 28, n. 55, p. 255–280, 2014. DOI: 10.14393/REVEDFIL.issn.0102-6801.v28n55a2014-p255-280. Disponível em: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/EducacaoFilosofia/article/view/22017. Acesso em: 25 fev. 2024.