Antifungal potential and phytochemistry of Tetrapterys multiglandulosa CAV aerial parts

Authors

  • Gilberto Gonçalves Facco Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
  • Jéssica de A. Isaías Müller Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
  • Rosemary Matias Universidade Anhanguera-Uniderp
  • Marcos Barbosa-Ferreira Universidade Anhanguera-Uniderp
  • Bianca Obes Correa Universidade Anhanguera-Uniderp
  • José Antônio Maior Bono Universidade Anhanguera-Uniderp
  • Doroty Mesquita Dourado Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
  • Carlos Eurico dos Santos Fernandes Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v32n1a2016-33359

Keywords:

Malpighiaceae. Metabólitos secundários. Índice afrosimétrico.

Abstract

Tetrapterys spp. are considered toxic to grazing animals owing to the presence of a poisonous constituent cardiotonic glycoside. However, other chemicals within the plant have allelopathic, bactericidal, and fungicidal activities. The objective of this study was to search for natural products as alternatives in the control of plant pathogenic fungi, which diminish the crop productivity and cause damage to animal and human health. The phytochemical content of the stems and leaves was investigated alongside the fungitoxic potential of aqueous and ethanol extracts from aerial parts of T. multiglandulosa on Fusarium moniliforme and F. graminearum. The leaves and stems were obtained from 20 arrays of T. multiglandulosa from Batayporã City, south of Mato Grosso do Sul, and classified as young and mature. The botanical material was oven dried, crushed, and its aqueous and 20% ethanol extracts were used for qualitative and quantitative phytochemical assays. For in vitro tests of fungal growth inhibition, extract concentrations of 200, 400, 800, 1600, and 2000 μg L-1 were assayed, with two control groups. Phytochemical tests from aqueous and ethanol extracts of young and mature leaves indicated the presence of phenolic compounds, tannins, flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids, and cardiotonic glycosides. The aqueous extract of young leaves showed potential fungicidal activity against F. graminearum, with values ranging from 21.25% to 33.53% colony growth inhibition.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Published

2016-12-06

How to Cite

FACCO, G.G., MÜLLER, J. de A.I., MATIAS, R., BARBOSA-FERREIRA, M., CORREA, B.O., BONO, J.A.M., DOURADO, D.M. and FERNANDES, C.E. dos S., 2016. Antifungal potential and phytochemistry of Tetrapterys multiglandulosa CAV aerial parts . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1586–1594. [Accessed28 November 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v32n1a2016-33359. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/33359.

Issue

Section

Biological Sciences