PRECARIOUS SETTLEMENTS IN A REGIONAL METROPOLIS OF NORTHEAST BRAZIL: THE CASE OF THE FORTALEZA CITY, CEARÁ STATECITY, CEARÁ STATE

Autores

  • João Sérgio Queiroz de Lima Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Jader de Oliveira Santos Universidade Federal do Ceará

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/Hygeia196719

Palavras-chave:

Precarious settlements. Shanty-towns. Urban site. Brazilian Fortaleza City. Geographic Information System.

Resumo

Housing problems in the world have resulted in precarious settlements in urban territories. In Brazil, these settlements reached 30% of urban homes at the beginning of the 21st century. The objective of this article is to recognize the situation of the settlements in the city of Fortaleza, capital of the Ceará State-Brazil, from the identification, spatialization, classification of typologies and demographic characterization. An integrative method is used for the systematization of georeferenced data in the Geographic Information System (GIS) and thematic mapping. Were identified 838 precarious settlements in the city, composed of 29 tenements, 16 irregular allotments, 48 housing estates, 128 community housing projects and 617 shanty-towns, with 352,597 families, 243,180 dwellings and 964,562 inhabitants. They represent 34% of the properties, 39.34% of the population and 19.19% of the territory, in areas with poor infrastructure, services and urban equipment, inhabited by the lower income population. The study provides the analytical basis of vulnerability to environmental disasters and potentiates discussion of urban space issues.

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Biografia do Autor

João Sérgio Queiroz de Lima, Universidade Federal do Ceará

Doutorando no Programa de Pós-graduação em Geografia da Universidade Federal do Ceará. Integrante do Laboratório de Geoprocessamento - LABOCART - do Departamento de Geografia da UFC. Estudo Fragilidades e Riscos Ambientais.

Jader de Oliveira Santos, Universidade Federal do Ceará

Doutor em Geografia. Docente do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia da Universidade Federal do Ceará.

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Publicado

22-10-2018

Como Citar

QUEIROZ DE LIMA, J. S.; SANTOS, J. de O. PRECARIOUS SETTLEMENTS IN A REGIONAL METROPOLIS OF NORTHEAST BRAZIL: THE CASE OF THE FORTALEZA CITY, CEARÁ STATECITY, CEARÁ STATE. Caminhos de Geografia, Uberlândia, MG, v. 19, n. 67, p. 289–303, 2018. DOI: 10.14393/Hygeia196719. Disponível em: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/caminhosdegeografia/article/view/38606. Acesso em: 1 dez. 2022.

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