Frequency of intestinal protozoan infections diagnosed in patients from a clinical analysis laboratory

Authors

  • Tarciane Lilia dos Santos Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas
  • Antônio de Pádua Medeiros de Carvalho Neto Centro Universitário Cesmac
  • José Rodrigo da Silva Ferreira Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas
  • Paulo Victor Muniz Azevedo Centro Universitário Cesmac
  • Karwhory Wallas Lins da Silva Centro Universitário Cesmac
  • Cícera Maria Alencar dos Nascimento Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas
  • Claudia Maria Lins Calheiros Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Flaviana Santos Wanderley Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas
  • Marília Gabriela dos Santos Cavalcanti Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Mabel Alencar do Nascimento Rocha Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas
  • Thiago José Matos- Rocha Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-42370

Keywords:

Epidemiology, Parasitic Diseases, Protozoan Infections.

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the frequency of infection by intestinal protozoa diagnosed in patients from a clinical analysis laboratory in Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil. This was a retrospective descriptive study, using a database of stool examination results from July to December 2015. The study population consisted of males and females of all ages, from the greater area of Alagoas. Data on epidemiological variables such as age and gender were obtained using a collection instrument. Protozoan species were identified from stool examinations. Results on the prevalence of intestinal parasites are described as simple and relative frequencies. We examined a total of 1277 stool samples, of which 12.69% were positive for one or more protozoa. 43.83% were from men and 56.17% were from women. Endolimax nana was the most prevalent (59.22%) protozoan species followed by Entamoeba coli (23.45%). Although non-pathogenic, they indicate fecal contamination of drinking water. The highest number (23.46%) of infected individuals was observed among children in the 0 to 11 years age group. A high prevalence (93.83%) of monoparasitism was noted. We concluded that there was a high frequency of infection and a high prevalence of E. nana. Infections were more common in women than in men. Our results emphasize the need for preventive measures to control intestinal parasitic infections.

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Published

2022-02-16

How to Cite

TARCIANE LILIA DOS SANTOS, ANTÔNIO DE PÁDUA MEDEIROS DE CARVALHO NETO, JOSÉ RODRIGO DA SILVA FERREIRA, PAULO VICTOR MUNIZ AZEVEDO, KARWHORY WALLAS LINS DA SILVA, CÍCERA MARIA ALENCAR DOS NASCIMENTO, CLAUDIA MARIA LINS CALHEIROS, FLAVIANA SANTOS WANDERLEY, MARÍLIA GABRIELA DOS SANTOS CAVALCANTI, MABEL ALENCAR DO NASCIMENTO ROCHA and ROCHA, T.J.M.-., 2022. Frequency of intestinal protozoan infections diagnosed in patients from a clinical analysis laboratory. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 38, pp. e38001. [Accessed28 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-42370. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/42370.

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Section

Health Sciences