Cropping season affect the performance of basil cultivars and hybrids

Authors

  • Jéssika Andreza Olveira Pinto Universidade Federal de Sergipe
  • Arie Fitzgerald Blank Universidade Federal de Sergipe
  • Thiago Matos Andrade Universidade Federal de Sergipe
  • José Carlos Freitas de Sá Filho Universidade Federal de Sergipe
  • Luís Fernando de Andrade Nascimento Universidade Federal de Sergipe
  • Dennis Crystian Silva Universidade Federal de Sergipe
  • Maria de Fátima Arrigoni-Blank Universidade Federal de Sergipe

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v34n3a2018-39377

Keywords:

Ocimum basilicum, Competition of cultivars, Biomass, Seasonality.

Abstract

The objective of this work was to evaluate the performance of basil cultivars and hybrids in two cropping seasons. The experiments were conducted in a randomized block design, with three replications. Twenty-four basil genotypes were tested (20 commercial cultivars and four hybrids), in the dry season (oct.-dec./2015) and in the rainy season (apr.-jun./2016). The evaluated variables were: plant height (cm plant-1), canopy width (cm plant-1), leaf dry weight (g plant-1), and essential oil yield (mL plant-1). The data of each period were subject to analysis of variance and the means were grouped by the Scott-Knott test (p≤0.05). The individual and joint analyses of variance were performed for the experiments in both seasons. The estimated parameters were: coefficient of genetic variation (CVg), coefficient of environmental variation (CVe), CVg/CVe ratio, and heritability (h2). Leaf dry weight values per plant ranged from 6.23 to 75.00 g plant-1 (dry season) and from 9.17 to 31.34 g plant-1 (rainy season). The hybrid Cinnamon x Maria Bonita (1.50 mL plant-1) and the cultivar Mrs. Burns (1.44 mL plant-1) presented higher essential oil yield in the dry season. All the evaluated variables showed high heritability (h2) (> 50%) and CVg/CVe ratio (> 1.0), in both cropping seasons, indicating a favorable condition for selection. The cropping season influences the biomass and essential oil yield of basil.

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Author Biographies

Jéssika Andreza Olveira Pinto, Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Engenheira Agrônoma, Doutoranda em Agricultura e Biodiversidade / UFS

Arie Fitzgerald Blank, Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Engenheiro Agrônomo, Prof. Dr. do Departamento de Engenharia Agronômica / UFS

Thiago Matos Andrade, Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Engenheiro Agrônomo, Prof. Dr. do Campus Sertão / UFS

José Carlos Freitas de Sá Filho, Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Estudante de Graduação em Engenharia Agronômica, Bosista PIBITI / UFS

Luís Fernando de Andrade Nascimento, Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Estudante de Graduação em Engenharia Agronômica, Bosista PIBIC / UFS

Dennis Crystian Silva, Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Engenheiro Agrônomo, Doutorando em Agricultura e Biodiversidade / UFS

Maria de Fátima Arrigoni-Blank, Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Biológa, Profª Drª do Departamento de Engenharia Agronômica / UFS 

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Published

2018-05-30

How to Cite

PINTO, J.A.O., BLANK, A.F., ANDRADE, T.M., SÁ FILHO, J.C.F. de, NASCIMENTO, L.F. de A., SILVA, D.C. and ARRIGONI-BLANK, M. de F., 2018. Cropping season affect the performance of basil cultivars and hybrids . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 640–647. [Accessed22 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v34n3a2018-39377. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/39377.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences