A purple non-sulfur bacterium producing polyhydroxybutyrate and the conserved region of pha synthase gene

Authors

  • Somporn Tanskul Prince of Songkla University
  • Supaporn Srisai Prince of Songkla University
  • Aekkaraj Nualla-Ong Prince of Songkla University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v32n1a2016-33801

Keywords:

Chicken feces, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, Bioplastic, Polyhydroxybutyrate, phaC gene, Conserved region

Abstract

This study aimed to screen purple non-sulfur bacteria capable of accumulating granules or polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) inside the cells, identify the potent strain, assay the enzyme or PHA synthase, and compare the PHB synthase gene with that of related strains. A total of 58 strains of purple non-sulfur bacteria were isolated from 108 samples of chicken feces in the chicken-egg farm of the Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Natural Resources at Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand. After cultivating the bacteria in glutamate malate (GM) medium without added glutamic acid under light (3,000 Lux) at 35oC for 5 days, the intracellular biopolymer granules of the bacteria were observed by using a Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope (CLSM) with excitation and emission wavelength of 530 and 605 nm, respectively. Gas chromatography (GC) was carried out for quantitative analysis of PHB. There were five strains, CH12, CH52, CH72, CH90 and CH92, showed biopolymer granules under CLSM, and accumulated PHB 5, 1.7, 1.5, 1.4 and 1.8% (w w-1) of the cell dry weight (CDW), respectively. The 16S rDNA sequence analysis of CH12 strain showed a high homology of 100% correlation to that of Rhodopseudomonas palustris strain NCIB8288. Regarding the taxonomic characteristics and 16S rDNA sequence analysis, CH12 strain was identified as Rps. palustris NCIB8288. The PHA synthase activity of the crude extract from CH12 strain was 25 units/mL. The conserved regions could be aligned and selected among 5 strains of Rhodopseudomonas palustris (strains BisA53, TIE-1, CGA009, HaA2 and BisB18). The purified PCR product was obtained for further studies.

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Author Biographies

Somporn Tanskul, Prince of Songkla University

Deparment of Molecular Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Faculty of Science

Supaporn Srisai, Prince of Songkla University

Deparment of Molecular Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Faculty of Science

Aekkaraj Nualla-Ong, Prince of Songkla University

Deparment of Molecular Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Faculty of Science

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Published

2016-10-06

How to Cite

TANSKUL, S., SRISAI, S. and NUALLA-ONG, A., 2016. A purple non-sulfur bacterium producing polyhydroxybutyrate and the conserved region of pha synthase gene . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1341–1351. [Accessed27 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v32n1a2016-33801. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/33801.

Issue

Section

Biological Sciences