Pomegranate extracts on larval inhibition of Haemonchus spp and Cooperia spp obtained from cattle

Authors

  • Carolina dos Anjos Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná
  • Bruno Toledo Silva Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná
  • Luciane Holsback Silveira Fertonani Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná
  • Camile Sanches Silva Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná
  • Leopoldo Sussumu Matsumoto Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Regildo Márcio Gonçalves da Silva Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná
  • Erika Cosendey Toledo de Mello-Peixoto Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v32n5a2016-30217

Keywords:

Agroecology, Medicinal Plants, Punica granatum Linn., Worm

Abstract

Consumers increasingly demand natural food and absent of toxic waste and medicated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the aqueous extract of dried and in natura stem from pomegranate on the larval inhibition of Haemonchus spp. and Cooperia spp. obtained from cattle. Dried and in natura aqueous extract from pomegranate stem (AEPS), negative control (autoclaved distilled water) and positive control (levamisole hydrochloride 0.05 mg / mL) were evaluated. Four mL of each treatment were used, and the results were evaluated in triplicate by egg counts per gram of feces (EPG), faecal culture and counting of the larvae. The mean of the larvae that developed per gram of feces was submitted to logarithimic transformation log. (X + 10). The EPG had an average value of 3.620 eggs, identified in faecal cultures of larvae from Haemonchus spp. and Cooperia spp. Dried AEPS presented, by the reduction of larvae, effectiveness of 92.29% for Haemonchus spp. and 96.97% for Cooperia spp. In natura, this extract showed 80% of efficacy against Cooperia larvae, being considered moderately effective; however, for Haemonchus spp. this extract was not effective. These results are specially important for organic and agroecological systems of production, that not allow the use of chemical parasiticides. In conclusion, the use of dried AEPS showed potential anthelmintic and may represent important natural therapeutic option.

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Published

2016-10-06

How to Cite

ANJOS, C. dos, SILVA, B.T., FERTONANI, L.H.S., SILVA, C.S., MATSUMOTO, L.S., SILVA, R.M.G. da and MELLO-PEIXOTO, E.C.T. de, 2016. Pomegranate extracts on larval inhibition of Haemonchus spp and Cooperia spp obtained from cattle . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1277–1285. [Accessed9 December 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v32n5a2016-30217. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/30217.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences