Diversity of tunisian bread wheat genotypes revealed by morpho-agronomical and microsatellite markers
Keywords:Genetic diversity, Hexaploid Wheat, Morphological Traits, Microsatellites
AbstractThe genetic diversity of a set of 21 hexaploid wheat germplasm from the National Agronomic Institute of Tunisia were investigated by applying 26 agro morphological traits and 10 wheat microsatellites molecular markers (Simple Sequence Repeat). The morphological variability was analyzed using the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and the cluster analysis based on ward's method and square Euclidean distance. Eighteen microsatellites primer pairs were tested for all genotypes, among them 10 primers generated polymorphic and reproducible profiles. They revealed a total of 414 reducible bands among which 373 were polymorphic. The polymorphic information content (PIC) values per locus varied from 0,33 to 0,94 with an average of 0,72. Genetic similarity values between genotypes, calculated by the molecular derived data, were used to produce a dendrogram. The genotypes were clustered in four clear groups according to their origin, pedigree and in some cases to phenotypic characters similarities.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 Elyes Babay, Ramzi Chaabane, Rim Mzid-Abdmouleh, M Ben naceur
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.