Isolation, taxonomic identification and investigation of the biotechnological potential of wild-type Meyerozyma guilliermondii associated with amazonian termites able to ferment D-xylose
AbstractA wild-type yeast that could ferment D-xylose was isolated from the abdominal content of Nasutitermes sp. collected in the Central Amazon rainforest using sugarcane bagasse hemicellulosic hydrolyzate (SBHH) as selective medium. The yeast was identified as Meyerozyma guilliermondii. Its ability to ferment D-xylose was assessed using liquid medium containing Durham tubes. A fermentometer assay showed a low ethanol yield using D-xylose as the carbon source. Cell viability after heat shock and ethanol shock was 39.8% and 56.0%, respectively. Cultivation in SBHH (pH = 5.0) showed its capability to perform saccharification of this substrate, increasing total reducing sugar concentration to 42.6%. The log phase was observed between 36 and 108 hours of cultivation with a highest specific growth rate (ÂµMAX) of 0.10 h-1. After 120 hours, 79.5% of total reducing sugar was consumed giving a biomass yield of 0.52 g/g. The final pH of SBHH (7.6) showed that M. guilliermondii was able to neutralize the acids of this substrate. These results agree with some predictions in the early eighties, which stated that investigations about microbial content of termite guts would provide new tools for bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fuels and other added-value chemicals. This work is the first report for this species associated with termites in the Amazonian habitat.
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Copyright (c) 2014 Italo Thiago Silveira Rocha Matos, Luciana Araújo Cassa-Barbosa, Rozana de Souza Medeiros Galvão, Carlos Gustavo Nunes-Silva, Spartaco Astolfi Filho
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.