Assessment of Ecosystem Services Provided by a Green Urban Infrastructure in Brazilian Atlantic Forest Biome Areas – Dourados, Mato Grosso Do Sul


Opportunity cost Urban
Ecological Corridor
Environmental Valuation
Urban green areas

How to Cite

FARINHA, M. J.; BEREZUK, A. G.; BERNARDO, L.; FILHO, A. S. Assessment of Ecosystem Services Provided by a Green Urban Infrastructure in Brazilian Atlantic Forest Biome Areas – Dourados, Mato Grosso Do Sul. Sociedade & Natureza, [S. l.], v. 35, n. 1, 2023. DOI: 10.14393/SN-v35-2023-68219. Disponível em: Acesso em: 27 may. 2024.


Urban infrastructure is a challenge for municipal managers in Brazil, given the rapid urbanization that has occurred in the country and the population growth in these locations. The inclusion of green characteristics in the urban space has contributed to the human needs of residents in this space, areas that allow the filtering of pollutants in the air and water, greater absorption of rainwater, noise reduction, scenic beauty, among other characteristics that are related to ecosystem services. In this context, the objective of the study is to identify the opportunity cost for the existence of urban green areas. This was done using the methodological resources available in environmental economics, which employs the opportunity cost based on the assessment of the net benefit of conservation. Primary and secondary data were used, the sources being literature and satellite images. Considering the analysis period from 2018 to 2020. The results indicate that the opportunity cost is greater than the amounts that can be collected through the commercialization of ecosystem services, implying that the landowners of the Urban Ecological Corridor projected in the municipality of Dourados - Mato Grosso do Sul, should be financially supported to maintain these services in green areas, given their importance to people's quality of life.


ACHMAD, A.; HASYIM, S.; DAHLAN, B. et al. Modeling of urban growth in tsunami-prone city using logistic regression: Analysis of Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Applied Geography, v. 62, p.237–246, 2015.

AHERN, J. Urban landscape sustainability and resilience: The promise and challenges of integrating ecology with urban planning and design. Landscape Ecology, v.28, p. 1203–1212, 2013.

ALHO, C.J.R. Desafios para a conservação do Cerrado, em face das atuais tendências de uso e ocupação. In: SCARIOT, A.; SOUSA-SILVA, J.C.; FELFILI, J.M. (Org.). Cerrado: ecologia, biodiversidade e conservação. Brasília: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, p.367-381, 2005.

ANGEL, S.; PARENT, J.; CIVCO, D. L.; BLEI, A.; POTERE, D. The dimensions of global urban expansion: Estimates and projections for all countries, 2000–2050. Progress in Planning, v. 75, n. 2, p. 53–107, 2011.

AVTAR, R.; TRIPATHI, S.; AGGARWAL, A. K.; KUMAR, P. Population–urbanization–energy Nexus: A review. Resources, 8(136), 2019.

BATTISTA, G.; DE LIETO VOLLARO, R.; ZINZI, M. Assessment of urban overheating mitigation strategies in a square in Rome, Italy. Sol. Energy, v.180, p. 608-621, 2019.

BENEDICT, M.; MCMAHON, E. In: BENEDICT, M; MCMAHON, E. (Eds.). Green infrastructure. Linking landscape and communities. Washington, DC. 2012.

BEUREN, I. M. Conceitualização e contabilização do custo de oportunidade. Caderno de Estudos n. 8, FIPECAFI, São Paulo, 1993.

BOTTALICO, F.; CHIRICI, G.; GIANNETTI, F.; DE MARCO, A.; NOCENTINI, S.; PAOLETTI, E.; TRAVAGLINI, D. Air pollution removal by green infraestructures and urban forest in the city of Florence. Procedia, v. 8, p. 244–251, 2016.

BRASIL. Ministério do Meio Ambiente. Secretaria de Biodiversidade e Florestas. Núcleo Mata Atlântica e Pampa. Org.: Maura Campanili e Wigold Bertoldo Shaffer. Mata Atlântica: Patrimônio Nacional dos Brasileiros. MMA. Série Biodiversidade, 408p., 2010.

CHOI, A.S.; FIELDING, K.S. Environmental attitudes as WTP predictors: a case study involving endangered species. Ecol. Econ. v.89, 24–32, 2013.

COLLIER, P.; VENABLES, A. J. Urbanization in developing economies: The assessment. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 33, p. 355–372, 2017.

CONNOP, S.; VANDERGERT, P.; EISENBERG, B.; COLLIER, M.J.; NASH, C.; CLOUGH, J.; NEWPORT, D. Renaturing cities using a regionally-focused biodiversity-led multifunctional benefits approach to urban green infrastructure. Environmental Science & Policy, 62, 99-111, 2016.

COSTANZA, R.; D’ARGE, R.; DE GROOT, R. The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature, v.387, p. 253–260, 1997.

CRIPPA, M.; OREGGIONI, G.; GUIZZARDI, D.; MUNTEAN, M.; SCHAAF, E.; LO VULLO, E.; SOLAZZO, E.; MONFORTI-FERRARIO, F.; OLIVIER, J.; VIGNATI, E. Fossil CO2 and GHG emissions of all world countries, EUR 29849 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019.

DAILY, G. C. Nature’s services. Washington, DC: Island Press., 1997.

DOMINICI, M.C.M. Comércio internacional de carbono - possibilidades para o Distrito Federal. Companhia de Planejamento do Distrito Federal, 2018.

DOS SANTOS, S.; ADAMS, E.; NEVILLE, G.; WADA, Y.; DE SHERBININ, A.; BERNHARDT, E. M.; ADAMO, S. Urban growth and water access in sub-Saharan Africa: Progress, challenges, and emerging research directions. Science of the Total Environment, v.607, p.497–508, 2017.

DUARTE, B.B.; TUPIASSU, L.; NOBRE, S. O mercado de carbono na política de mitigação das mudanças climáticas. Revista de Direito Ambiental e Socioambientalismo, v. 6, n.2, p.93–108,2020.

EMBRAPA. Guia Clima. 2021. Available: Access on: jun. 2021.

FERREIRA, W. P. M. Radiação Solar em Sete Lagoas – MG. Sete Lagoas: Embrapa, 2006. 21p.

GANT, R. L.; ROBINSON, G. M.; FAZAL, S. Land-use change in the ‘edgelands’: Policies and pressures in London’s rural–urban fringe. Land Use Policy, v. 28, n. 1, p. 266–279, 2011.

GASTON, K. J.; ÁVILA-JIMENEZ, M. L.; EDMONDSON, J. L. Managing urban ecosystems for goods and services. Journal of Applied Ecology, v. 50, n. 4, p. 830–840, 2013.

GOWARD, S. N.; TUCKER, C. J.; DYE, D. G. North American vegetation patterns observed with the NOAA-7 advanced very high resolution radiometer. Plant Ecology, v. 64, n.1, p.3-14, 1985.

GRIZZETTI, B.; LANZANOVA, D.; LIQUETE, C.; REYNAUD, A.; CARDOSO, A.C. Assessing water ecosystem services for water resource management. Environ. Sci. Policy, v. 61, p. 194-203, 2016.

GUERRY, A.D.; POLASKY, S.; LUBCHENCO, J.; CHAPLIN-KRAMER, R. DAILY, G.C.; GRIFFIN, R. et al. Natural capital and ecosystem services informing decisions: From promise to practice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 112, n. 24, p. 7348-7355, 2015.

HALKOS, G.; MATSIORI, S. Environmental attitude, motivations and values for marine biodiversity protection. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics v.69, p. 61–70, 2017.

IBAMA – INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DO MEIO AMBIENTE E DOS RECURSOS NATURAIS. Modelo de valoração econômica dos impactos ambientais em unidades de conservação – Empreendimentos de Comunicação, Rede Elétrica e Dutos – Estudo Preliminar. Rio de Janeiro: IBAMA/RJ, 2002.

IBGE - INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DE GEOGRAFIA E ESTATÍSTICA. Banco de Informações Ambientais. 2021. Available: Access on: may. 2021.

IBGE. Malhas Municipais. 2013. Disponível em: Acesso em: nov. 2021.

IPCC. AR5 Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Disponível em: Acesso em: out. 2021.

KERTÉSZ, A.; NAGY, L.A.; BALAZS, B. Effect of land use change on ecosystem services in Lake Balaton Catchment. Land Use Policy, v.80, p. 430–438, 2017.

KLINK, C.A.; MACHADO, R.B. Conservation of the Brazilian Cerrado. Conservation Biology, v.19, p. 707–713, 2005.

LI, F.; LIU, X.; ZHANG, X.; ZHAO, D.; LIU, H.; ZHOU, C.; WANG, R. Urban ecological infrastructure: An integrated network for ecosystem services and sustainable urban systems. Journal of Cleaner Production, v.163, p.S12–S18, 2017.

LINARD, C.; TATEM, A.; GILBERT, M. Modelling spatial patterns of urban growth in Africa. Applied Geography, v.44, p. 23–32, 2013.

LI, Y.Y.; LI, J.Q.; LI, Z.L.; LIU, X.J.; TIAN, Y.; LI, A.H. Issues and challenges for the study of the interconnected river system network. Resour. Sci., v.33, p. 386-391, 2011.

MARTÍNEZ, L. Health differences in an unequal city. Cities, 108, 2021.

McCALLUM, I.; WAGNER, W.; SCHMULLIUS, C.; SHVIDENKO, A.; OBERSTEINER, M.; FRITZ, S.; NILSSON, S. Comparison of four global FAPAR datasets over Northern Eurasia for the year 2000. Remote Sensing of Environment, v. 114, n. 5, p. 941–949, 2010.

MINISTÉRIO DO MEIO AMBIENTE. Corredores Ecológicos: iniciativa brasileira no contexto continental. P. 41, 2016.

MONTEITH, J. L. Climate and efficiency of crop production in Britain. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, v. 281, p. 277-294, 1977.

MONTEITH, J. L. Principies of environmental physics. London: Edward Amold, 1973. 241 p.

MITSCHA, W.J.; DAY JR., J.W. Restoration of wetlands in the Mississippie-Ohio-Missouri (MOM) River Basin: experience and needed research. Ecol. Eng. v.26, p. 55-69, 2006.

MURRAY‐SMITH, C.; BRUMMITT, N.A.; OLIVEIRA‐FILHO, A.T.; BACHMAN, S.; MOAT, J.; LUGHADHA, E.M.N.; LUCAS, E.J. Plant diversity hotspots in the Atlantic coastal forests of Brazil. Conservation Biology, v. 23, n. 1, 151-163, 2009.

MYERS, N.; MITTERMEIER, R.A.; MITTERMEIER, C.G.; FONSECA, G.A.B.; KENT, J. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, v.403, p.853– 858, 2000.

NASCIMENTO, R. S.; BRITO, J. I. B.; BRAGA, C. C. Estimativa da Produtividade Primária usando dados de IVDN para o Estado da Paraíba. Anais XIV Simpósio Brasileiro de Sensoriamento Remoto, INPE, p. 5321-5327, 2009.

NORTON-GRIFFITHS M.; SOUTHEY, C. The opportunity costs of biodiversity conservation: a case stufy of Kenya. CSERGE GEC. Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment, 1993.

NYELELE, C.; KROLL, C.N. A multi-objective decision support framework to prioritize tree planting locations in urban áreas. Landscape and Urban Planning, v.214, 2021.

OLIVEIRA, R.R.; ZAÚ, A.S.; LIMA, D.F.; RODRIGUES, H.C.; AMORIM, H.B. Formulação de custos ambientais no Maciço da Tijuca (Rio de Janeiro, Brasil). Oecologia Brasiliensis: Estrutura, Funcionamento e Manejo dos Ecossistemas Brasileiros, v.1, p. 557-568, 1995.

ORSATO, R. Social Learning for Anticipator y Adaptation to Climate Change. Organization & Environment, 32(4): 416-440, 2019.

PASCUAL, U.; BALVANERA, P.; DÍAZ, S.; PATAKI, G.; ROTH, E.; STENSEKE, M. et al. Valuing nature’s contributions to people: The IPBES approach. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, v.26, p.7-16, 2017.

PENG, J.; ZHAO, H.; LIU, Y. Urban ecological corridors construction: A review. Acta Ecologica Sinica, v. 37, n.1, p. 23–30, 2017.

PICARD, P.M.; TRAN, T.T.H. Small urban green areas. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, v.106, 2021.

PIETROSTEFANI, E.; HOLMAN, N. The politics of conservation planning: A comparative study of urban heritage making in the Global North and the Global South. Progress in Planning, 2020.

PONZONI, F. J.; SHIMABUKURO, Y. E. Sensoriamento remoto no estudo da vegetação. São José dos Campos, SP: A. Silva Ed., 2009.

ROUSE, J. W.; HAAS, R. H.; SCHELL, J. A.; DEERING, D. W. Monitoring vegetation systems in the great plains with ERTS. In: Proceeding of ERTS-1, v. 3, p. 309-317, 1973.

RUIMY, A.; SAUGIER, B.; DEDIEU, G. Methodology for the estimation of terrestrial net primary production from remotely sensed data. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 99, p. 5263-5283, 1994.

SANTOS, J.E.; NOGUEIRA, F.; PIRES, J.S.R.; OBARA, A. T.; PIRES, A. M.Z.C.R. Funções Ambientais e Valores dos Ecossistemas Naturais Estudo de Caso: Estação Ecológica de Jataí, v.1., São Paulo: Rima Editora, 2000.

SANTOS, J.S.; LEITE, C.C.C.; VIANA, J.C.C; DOS SANTOS, A.R.; FERNANDES, M.M.; DE SOUZA ABREU, V.; DO NASCIMENTO, T.P.; DOS SANTOS, L.S.; DE MOURA FERNANDES, M.R.; DA SILVA, G.F.; DE MENDONÇA, A.R. Delimitation of ecological corridors in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Ecol. Indic., v.88, p. 414-424, 2018.

SCOTT, A.; STORPER, M. The Nature of Cities: The Scope and Limits of Urban. Theory. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, v. 39, n. 1, p. 1–15, 2015.

SETO, K. C.; GÜNERALP, B.; HUTYRA, L. R. Global forecasts of urban expansion to 2030 and direct impacts on biodiversity and carbon pools. Pnas, v. 109, n.40, p. 16083–16088, 2012.

SIMATELE, D.; SIMATELE, M. Climate variability and urban food security in sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons from Zambia using an asset-based adaptation framework. South African Geographical Journal, v.97, p. 243–263, 2015.

SOBRINO, J. A.; RAISSOUNI, N. Toward remote sensing methods for land cover dynamic monitoring: application to Marocco. International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 21, p. 353-363, 2000.

SODOUDI, S.; ZHANG, H.; CHI, X.; MÜLLER, F.; LI, H. The influence of spatial configuration of green areas on microclimate and thermal comfort. Urban For. Urban Green., v.34, p. 85–96, 2018.

SZEICZ, G. Solar radiation for plant growth. Journal of Applied Ecology, v.11, p. 617-36, 1974.

TABARELLI, M.; AGUIAR, A.V.; RIBEIRO, M.C.; METZGER, J.P.; PERES, C.A. Prospects for biodiversity conservation in the Atlantic Forest: Lessons from aging human-modified landscapes. Biol. Conserv., v.143, p. 2328-2340, 2010.

TABARELLI, M.; PINTO, L.P.; SILVA, J.M.C.; HIROTA, M.M.; BEDÊ, L.C. Desafios e oportunidades para a conservação da biodiversidade na Mata Atlântica brasileira. Megadiversidade, v. 1, n.1, p. 132-138, 2005.

TAVAREZ, H.; ELBAKIDZE, L. Urban forests valuation and environmental disposition: the case of Puerto Rico. Forest Policy and Economics, v.131, 2021.

THE EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY (União Europeia). Sentinel Online. 2021. Available: Access on: 04 oct. 2021.

UNITED NATIONS. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division World urbanization prospects: The 2018 revision (ST/ESA/SER.A/420), United Nations, 2019.

UNITED NATIONS. E/2018/25-E/CN.9/2018/7. Commission on Population and Development, Report on the fifty-first session, Economic and Social Council. 2018. Available: Access on: sep. 2021.

WANG, M.; KRSTIKJ, A.; KOURA, H. Effects of urban planning on urban expansion control in Yinchuan city, western China. Habitat International, v.64, p. 85–97, 2017.

WARD, J.S.; DUNCAN, J.S.; JARDEN, A.; STEWART, T. The impact of children’s exposure to greenspace on physical activity, cognitive development, emotional wellbeing, and ability to appraise risk. Health Place, v.40, p.44–50, 2016.

WEY, W.; HSU, J. New urbanism and smart growth: Toward achieving a smart national Taipei university district. Habitat International, v.42, p. 164–174, 2014.

WHO. Urban Green Spaces: a brief for action. WHO Regional Office for Europe Copenhagen. 2017.

WIDEGREN, O. The new environmental paradigm and personal norms. Environ. Behav. v. 30, n. 1, p. 75–100, 1998.

WOLFF, S.; SCHULP, C.; VERBURG, P. Mapping ecosystem services demand: A review of current research and future perspectives. Ecological Indicators, v.55, p. 159–171, 2015.

WU, Y.G. Sponge City Design. Phoenix Science Press, Nanjing, p. 88, 2016.

ZANG, B.; LV, P.; WARREN, C. M. J. Housing prices, rural-urban migrants settlement decisions and their regional differences in China. Habitat International, v.50, p. 149–159, 2015.

ZHU, X.; GAO, M.; ZHANG, R.; ZHANG, B. Quantifying emotional differences in urban green spaces extracted from photos on social networking sites: A study of 34 parks in three cities in northern China. Urban For. Urban Green., v.62, 2021.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2022 Maycon Jorge Farinha, André Geraldo Berezuk, Luciana Bernardo, Adelsom Soares Filho


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...