Relationship between soil cover type and surface temperature
PDF-pt (Português (Brasil))


Temperature mapping
Remote sensing
Coari - AM

How to Cite

GUILHERME, A. P.; BIUDES, M. S.; MOTA, D. dos S.; DE MUSIS, C. R. Relationship between soil cover type and surface temperature. Sociedade & Natureza, [S. l.], v. 32, p. 539–550, 2020. DOI: 10.14393/SN-v32-2020-47462. Disponível em: Acesso em: 13 jul. 2024.


Microclimates are very sensitive to surface cover type. Changes in vegetation cover modify energy distribution patterns, strongly impacting essential variables such as temperature and relative humidity. Regions with high vegetal cover density channel much of the energy through evapotranspiration, thus promoting a tremendous thermo-hydroregulating effect on the environment. The mapping of climatological variables through remote sensing and geoprocessing techniques can help in dimensioning this phenomenon and has become a popular technique due to the high availability of data from orbital satellite images and lower cost. This work uses images from the Landsat 8 satellite from the United States Geological Survey to map vegetation, urbanization and surface temperature in the urban area of Coari, Amazonas - Brazil in two distinct periods (2015 and 2017), seeking a quantitative evaluation of the influence of vegetation and urbanization on the values of this temperature. This study also attempts to estimate the importance of the atmospheric correction for this estimate and the difference in general climate conditions between the dates. The research shows that there is a considerable influence of vegetation on temperature control, despite higher reflective capacity (albedo) of urbanized areas. The urbanized regions showed temperatures up to 7°C higher than densely vegetated regions. Atmospheric correction in the temperature estimation is crucial, otherwise values can be severely underestimated. Temperatures in 2015 were substantially higher on soil regions, but lower in the water bodies, which is counterintuitive . Finally, this study may suggest a greater commitment of the public power in the promotion of policies aimed at the afforestation and vegetation of urban centers.
PDF-pt (Português (Brasil))


AB'SABER, A. N. Zoneamento fisiográfico e ecológico do espaço total da Amazônia Brasileira. Estud. av., São Paulo, v. 24, n. 68, p. 15-24, 2010.

ALHAWITI, R. H. e MITSOVA, D. Using Landsat-8 data to explore the correlation between Urban Heat Island and Urban Land uses. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology. V. 5, p. 457-466, Março de 2016.

ALLEN, R. G, TASUMI, M., TREZZA, R. Satellite-based energy balance for mapping evapotranspiration with internalized calibration (METRIC) – Model. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. V.133, n.4, p. 380- 394, 2007.

BARSI, J. A.; BARKER, J. L. e SCHOTT J. R. An Atmospheric Correction Parameter Calculator for a Single Thermal Band Earth-Sensing Instrument. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Anais), Centre de Congres Pierre Baudis, Toulouse, France, 21-25 de Julho de 2003.

BIUDES, M. S.; VOULITIS, G. L.; MACHADO, N. G.; DE ARRUDA, P.H.Z.; NEVES, G.A.R.; LOBO, F.A.; NEALE, C.M.U.; NOGUEIRA, J.S. Patterns of energy exchange for tropical ecosystems across a climate gradiente in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, v. 202, p. 112–124, 2015.

CARLSON, T. e RIPLEY, D. A. On the relation between NDVI, fractional vegetation cover, and leaf area index. Remote Sensing of Environment. V. 62, p. 241-252, 1997.

CHEN, X.; ZHAO, H; LI, P. e YIN, Z. Remote sensing image-based analysis of the relationship between urban heat island and land use/cover changes, Remote Sensing of Environment, V. 104, Issue 2, P. 133-146, 2006. ISSN 0034-4257.

DARCAN, N.; GÜNEY, O. Alleviation of climatic stress of dairy goats in Mediterranean climate. Small Ruminant Research. Vol.74, 212-215, 2008.

ESPA - EROS Science Processing Architecture On Demand Interface. 2019. Disponível em <>

FEARNSIDE, P. M. Desmatamento na Amazônia: dinâmica, impactos e controle. Acta Amazônica, v. 36(3), p. 395 – 400, 2006.

FERREIRA, L. V.; VENTICINQUE, E.; ALMEIDA, S. O desmatamento na Amazônia e a importância das áreas protegidas. Estud. av., São Paulo, v. 19, n. 53, p. 157-166, Apr. 2005.

GAOUA, N.; RACINAIS, S.; GRANTHAM, J.; EL MASSIOUI, F. Alterations in cognitive performance during passive hyperthermia are task dependent. Int. J. Hyperthermia 27, 1–9 (2011)

GARTLAND, L. Ilhas de calor: como mitigar zonas de calor em áreas urbanas. São Paulo: Oficina de Textos, 2010.

GLOVIS - Global Visualization Viewer. The USGS Global Visualization Viewer (GloVis). 2019. Disponível em <>.

GSFC - NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. Atmospheric Correction Parameter Calculator. 2019. Disponível em <>.

GUILHERME, A. P. et al. USO DE ÍNDICE DE VEGETAÇÃO PARA CARACTERIZAR A MUDANÇA NO USO DO SOLO EM COARI-AM. Soc. nat., Uberlândia, v. 28, n. 2, p. 301-310, ago. 2016.

INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DE GEOGRAFIA E ESTATÍSTICA – IBGE [internet]. Acesso em 24 de novembro de 2013. Disponível em: 2011


JENKS, G. F. The Data Model Concept in Statistical Mapping. International Yearbook of Cartography. V. 7, P. 186–190. 1967.

MADER T.L.; JOHNSON L.J.; GAUGHAN, J.B. A comprehensive index for assessing environmental stress in animals. Journal of Animal Science. Vol. 88, 2153-2165, 2010.

MCMORRIS, T. et al. Heat stress, plasma concentrations of adrenaline, noradrenaline, 5-hydroxytryptamine and cortisol, mood state and cognitive performance. Int. J. Psychophysiol. 61, 204-215 (2006).

MEDEIROS, S. S.; CECÍLIO, R. A.; MELO JÚNIOR, J. C. F. Estimativa e espacialização das temperaturas do ar mínimas, médias e máximas na Região Nordeste do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, v. 9, n. 2, p. 247-255, 2005.

MOURÃO, G. M. N. Colonización reciente y asentamientos rurales en el sureste de Roraima, Amazonia Brasileña: entre la política y la naturaleza. 2003. 480 f. Tese de doutorado, Universidad de Valladolid, Espanha. 2003.

PAVAO, V. M. et al. Impacto da Conversão da Cobertura Natural em Pastagem e Área Urbana sobre Variáveis Biofísicas no Sul do Amazonas. Rev. bras. meteorol. V. 32, n. 3, p. 343-351, set. 2017.

PRICE, J. C. Estimating surface temperatures from satellite thermal infrared data - a simple formulation for the atmospheric effect. Remote Sens. Environ. V. 13, p. 353-361, 1983.

SANTOS, U. M.; RIBEIRO, M. N. G. A hidroquímica do Rio Solimões - Amazonas. Acta Amaz. Manaus, v. 18, n. 3-4, p. 145-172, 1988

SHALABY, A. E.; TATEISHI, R. Remote sensing and GIS for mapping and monitoring land cover and land-use changes in the Northwestern coastal zone of Egypt, Applied Geography, V. 27, Issue 1, 2007, Pages 28-41, ISSN 0143-6228.

SILVA, B. B.; BRAGA, A. C.; BRAGA, C. C.; OLIVEIRA, L. M. M.; MONTENEGRO, S. M. G. L.; BARBOSA JUNIOR, B. Procedures for calculation of the albedo with OLI-Landsat 8 images: Application to the Brazilian semi-arid. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental. v.20, n.1, p.3–8, 2016.

STERN, N. The structure of economic modeling of the potential impacts of climate change: Grafting gross underestimation of risk onto already narrow science models. J. Econ. Lit. 51, 838–859 (2013).

TAMM, M. et al. The compression of perceived time in a hot environment depends on physiological and psychological factors. Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 67, 197–208 (2014).

TAWATSUPA, B. et al. Association between heat stress and occupational injury among Thai workers: Findings of the Thai cohort study. Ind. Health 51, 34–46 (2013).

TUCKER, C. J. Red and photographic infrared linear combinations for monitoring vegetation. Remote Sens. Environ. V. 8, P. 127–150. 1979

USGS – United States Geological Survey. Landsat 8 Data Users Handbook. Edição digital. Versão 2.0. Março de 2016. Disponível em <>.

VALOR, E.; CASELLES Vicente. Mapping Land Surface Emissivity from NDVI: Application to European, African, and South American Areas. Remote Sensing of Environment. V. 57, p. 167-184. 1996.

VAREJÃO-SILVA, M.A. Meteorologia e Climatologia. Versão digital 2. Recife, PB, março, 2006, 463p.

ZANDER, K. K. et al. Heat stress causes substantial labour productivity loss in Australia. Nature Climate Change. v. 5, pages 647–651 (2015).

Authors hold the Copyright for articles published in this journal, and the journal holds the right for first publication. Because they appear in a public access journal, articles are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution (BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...