From fishing villages to international tourist destinations: where are the citizens?
PDF-en

Keywords

Brazilian coastline, tourism; production of space; gentrification; uneven development.

How to Cite

ARAUJO, C. P.; ABREU, L. M. From fishing villages to international tourist destinations: where are the citizens? : The cases of Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro and Porto Seguro, Bahia - Brazil. Sociedade & Natureza, [S. l.], v. 34, n. 1, 2021. DOI: 10.14393/SN-v34-2022-62140. Disponível em: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/sociedadenatureza/article/view/62140. Acesso em: 3 feb. 2023.

Abstract

The present article examines the relationship between tourism, production of space and the role of residents at two hotspot tourist destinations in Brazil: Cabo Frio, located in State of Rio de Janeiro and Porto Seguro, in State of Bahia. The development of the tourist industry in the localities under study occurred at different points in time. In the first, the urbanization process was associated with the acquisition of second homes in the 1950s, while the second, located in the Northeast region of the country, this process emerged in conjunction with the mass tourism industry only in the late 1980s. We hope this research will enhance understanding of the process of urbanization and the configuration of tourism space and the conflicts arising from this in developing countries, notably Latin America. Our methodology employed theories based on those developed by Chesnais (1996, 2005, 2016), Harvey (2005, 2008, 2011, 2014), Santos (2006) and others to explain the production of space in a way that goes beyond the use of historical data and socioeconomic analysis. The initial conclusion was that, despite the differences in the process (mass tourism vs. second homes, development in space and over time and geographical position), the two geographical locations selected presented the same findings: unequal production of space and the exclusion of local populations. The tourism activity investigated in these two case studies thus appears to replicate the current stage of development in Brazil, characterized by inequality and exclusion and reflected in the landscapes of the country’s tourist destinations.

https://doi.org/10.14393/SN-v34-2022-62140
PDF-en

References

ABREU, L. M. Uma "viagem” de inclusão: turismo, desenvolvimento e território. Thesis (PhD in Urban and Regional Planning). Rio de Janeiro, IPPUR/UFRJ, 2010. Available: http://objdig.ufrj.br/42/teses/759820.pdf. Access in: Oct. 2020.

ARAUJO, C. P. Porto Seguro: A perda do Paraíso: os reflexos do turismo na sua paisagem. Thesis (Master in Architecture and Urbanism). São Paulo, FAU/USP, 2004. Available: https://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/16/16131/tde-03062014-161546/pt-br.php. Access in: Dec. 2020.

ARAUJO, C. P. Um Porto Seguro para os próximos 500 anos. Bahia Análise & Dados, v. 15, p. 323-332, 2007.

ARAUJO, C. P.. Terra à vista! O litoral brasileiro na mira dos empreendimentos turísticos imobiliários. Thesis (PhD in Architecture and Urbanism). São Paulo, FAU/USP, 2011. Available: http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/16/16139/tde-19012012-140819/. Accessed in: Dec. 2020.

ARAUJO, C. P.. Investimentos imobiliários e meios de hospedagem. In: VARGAS, H. C. ARAUJO, C. P. Arquitetura e Mercado Imobiliário. Barueri, São Paulo, Manole, 2014, pp. 245-268. https://doi.org/10.4000/espacoeconomia.3489.

BRASIL, Ministério do Turismo. Portaria nº144 de 27 de agosto de 2015.

Categorização dos municípios pertencentes às regiões turísticas do Mapa do Turismo Brasileiro, definido por meio da Portaria MTur nº 313, de 3 de dezembro de 2013. Mtur, 2015. Available: https://www.in.gov.br/materia/-/asset_publisher/Kujrw0TZC2Mb/content/id/32425048/. Access in: Nov. 2020.

BRASIL. Programa de Regionalização do Turismo Categorização dos Municípios das Regiões Turísticas do Mapa do Turismo Brasileiro: perguntas e respostas. Mtur, 2019. Available: http://www.regionalizacao.turismo.gov.br/images/conteudo/Perguntas_espostas_Categorizacao_2019.pdf. Access in: Oct. 2020.

CHESNAIS, F. A mundialização do capital. São Paulo, Xamã, 1996.

CHESNAIS, F. A finança mundializada: raízes sociais e políticas, configuração, consequências. São Paulo, Boitempo, 2005.

CHESNAIS, F. Finance capital today: corporations and banks in the lasting global slump. Boston, Brilll Academic Pub., 2016. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004255487

CRUZ, R. de C. A. Política de turismo e território. São Paulo, Contexto, 2001.

GOOGLE. Google Earth website. Available: http://earth.google.com/. Accessed in: Oct. 2020.

HARVEY, D. The Urban Experience. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.

HARVEY, D. The condition of Postmodernity: an Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change. São Paulo, Edições Loyola, 1992.

HARVEY, D. Spaces of capital: Towards a critical geography. São Paulo, Annablume, 2005.

HARVEY, D. A brief history of neoliberalism. São Paulo, edições Loyola, 2008.

HARVEY, D. The enigma of capital: and the crisis of capitalism. São Paulo, Boitempo, 2011. https://doi.org/10.18574/nyu/9780814772775.003.0005

HARVEY, D. Rebel cities: from the right the city to the urban revolution. São Paulo, Martins Fontes, 2014.

IBGE (2010). Brazilian Demographic Census of 2010. Rio de Janeiro: IBGE, 2012. Available: https://censo2010.ibge.gov.br/. Access in: Sep. 2020.

IBGE (2019). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Demographic census and population count. Available: http://www.ibge.gov.br. Access in: March 2020.

INEA. Instituto Estadual do Ambiente. Diagnóstico do setor costeiro da baía de Ilha Grande. Subsídios à elaboração do zoneamento ecológico-econômico costeiro. volume 1, 2015. Available: http://www.inea.rj.gov.br/cs/groups/public/documents/document/zwew/mdcz/~edisp/inea0073532.pdf. Access in: Sep. 2020.

LOGAN, J.R.; MOLOTOCH, H.L. The city as a Growth Machine. In: FAISTEIN; CAMPBELL (ed.). Readings in Urban Theory, 291-338, 1996.

MELO, E. S. O. de. Da privatização da paisagem às tentativas de homogeneização do território: políticas públicas e conflitos na urbanização turística de Cabo Frio. Thesis. Master in Urban and Regional Planning. Rio de Janeiro, IPPUR/UFRJ, 2009.

Porto Seguro será o maior polo turístico do Brasil. Jornal da Bahia, Salvador, 29 mar. 1974. (authors' collection)

RAMÃO, F. de S. Limitations of the tourist town in Cabo Frio, RJ: when the light flickers. Espaço e Economia [online], 13, 2018.

RODRIGUES, Adyr A. B. (Ed.). Turismo e Geografia: reflexões teóricas e enfoques regionais. São Paulo: Hucitec, 2001.

SANTOS, M. The nature of the space: technique and time, reason and emotion. São Paulo, Edusp, 2006.

TULIK, O. Tourism and lodging facilities: second homes. São Paulo, Roca, 2001, 113p.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2021 Cristina Pereira Araujo, Luciano Abreu

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...