OPTIMIZATION OF TAXI CABS ASSIGNMENT USING A GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION-BASED SYSTEM IN DISTINCT OFFER AND DEMAND SCENARIOS

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Matheus Patrocínio Souza
Abilio Augusto Marinho Oliveira
Marconi Arruda Pereira
Felipe Augusto Lima Reis
Paulo Eduardo Maciel Almeida
Eder Junio Silva
Daniel Silva Crepalde

Resumo

In this paper, diff erent approaches are evaluated to assign taxi cabs to customers in geographical location-based systems. The main purpose of this work is to identify the solution in which all current customers are met in an acceptable time, however minimizing the distance traveled by existing free taxi cabs. Two aspects are considered: 1) the method to calculate the distance between vehicles and customers; and 2) a vehicle assignment strategy. The methods to calculate the distance between vehicles and customers are: a GPS-based routing (a shortest path algorithm) and the Euclidean distance. On the other hand, as vehicle assignment approaches, the considered strategies are: a greedy algorithm, which assigns each vehicle to the closest customer, and an optimization algorithm, which assigns vehicles considering the whole scenario, minimizing the global distance traveled by taxi cabs to meet the customers. This last strategy considers an optimization model in such a way that the calls are not readily answered. In this case, a short waiting window is implemented, where the calls are stored and then the optimization algorithm is executed, in order to minimize the required distance and to meet all current customers. The combination of the two methods of distance calculation and the two vehicle assignment strategies formed four possible approaches, which are evaluated in a realistic simulator. We propose some diff erent traffi c scenarios, varying the amount of calls and available taxis in order to better evaluate the algorithms´ performance. Results show that the approach which uses the shortest path algorithm and an optimization algorithm reduces the average service time by up to 27.59%, and the average distance traveled by up to 45.79%.

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SOUZA, M. P.; MARINHO OLIVEIRA, A. A.; PEREIRA, M. A.; LIMA REIS, F. A.; MACIEL ALMEIDA, P. E.; SILVA, E. J.; SILVA CREPALDE, D. OPTIMIZATION OF TAXI CABS ASSIGNMENT USING A GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION-BASED SYSTEM IN DISTINCT OFFER AND DEMAND SCENARIOS. Revista Brasileira de Cartografia, [S. l.], v. 68, n. 6, 2018. DOI: 10.14393/rbcv68n6-44490. Disponível em: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/revistabrasileiracartografia/article/view/44490. Acesso em: 5 dez. 2022.
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