Currently understand the factors that influence the emissions of CO2 in the Amazonian environment has been discussed more intensively, because the rapid increase in climatic variations (temperature and precipitation) which influence the exchanges between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. Given the above, the objective of this study was to evaluate the spatial distribution of CO2 emissions and soil properties under native pasture in Humaitá region, Amazonas. A sampling grid of 70 m x 70 m with 64 points regularly spaced at a distance of 10 m and georeferenced was delimited. Soil samples were collected at each grid point in layers of 0.00 to 0.05 m and 0.05-0.10 m for determination of soil physical properties and organic carbon, 128 soil samples. At the crossing points in the morning they were evaluated CO2, temperature and soil moisture, using the LI-6400 system. CO2 emissions in native pasture area in the present study conditions are complex nature of phenomena, it is not possible to identify a single soil attribute or the environment to explain the variation in space, thus indicating that a difficulty in establishing relationships between attributes soil and CO2 emission is due to the complexity of the phenomenon.
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