Evaluation of the physiological potential of Panicum maximum seeds by multivariate analysis

Authors

  • Francisco Elder Carlos Bezerra Pereira Pastotech
  • Tatiane Sanches Jeromini BASF
  • Givanildo Zildo da Silva Universidade Federal de Goiás https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6380-1599
  • Salvador Barros Torres Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
  • Cibele Chalita Martins Universidade Estadual Paulista

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-53754

Keywords:

Image analysis, Massai Grass, Multivariate statistics, SVIS®, Tanzania Grass.

Abstract

The aim of this work was to identify efficient vigor tests for differentiating the seed lots, forecasting seedling emergence in the field and assessing the physiological quality of Panicum maximum seeds. 12 seed lots from the cultivar Tanzania and 11 seed lots from the cultivar Massai were evaluated for water content, germination, first count and germination speed index, emergence and first emergence count of seedlings in sand, root length and shoot length, analysis of SVIS® images (seedling length, vigor and uniformity index) and seedling emergence in the field. The work was conducted in a completely randomized design for tests performed in the laboratory and in randomized blocks for tests in the field. The data were subjected to analysis of variance and the means compared by Scott Knott's test at 5% probability and statistical multivariate clustering analysis and principal components analysis. The shoot and root length tests are efficient for the evaluation of the physiological potential of P. maximum cv. Massai, while the seedling length, vigor index and growth uniformity index tests using image analysis, seedling emergence in sand and first seedling emergence count in sand are efficient in assessing the physiological potential of seeds of P. maximum cv. Tanzania, and providing information similar to that of seedling emergence in the field.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

AMARO, H.T.R., et al. Testes de vigor para avaliação da qualidade fisiológica de sementes de feijoeiro. Revista de Ciências Agrárias. 2015, 38(3), 383-389.

BARBOSA, R.M., et al. D. Discrimination of soybean seed lots by multivariate exploratory techniques. Journal of Seed Science. 2013, 35(3), 302-310. https://doi.org/10.1590/S2317-15372013000300005

BRASIL. Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e do Abastecimento. Instrução Normativa nº 30, de 21 de maio de 2008. Diário Oficial da União: Poder Executivo, 2008.

BRASIL. Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento: Regras para Análise de Sementes. Brasília: Secretaria de Defesa Agropecuária, 2009.

CARVALHO, N.M. and NAKAGAWA, J. Sementes: ciência, tecnologia e produção. Jaboticabal: FUNEP, 2012.

DUTRA, J.C. and RODRIGUES, A.P.D.C. and PEREIRA, S.R. Heat treatment to overcome seeds dormancy of Panicum maximum cultivars (Poaceae). African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2015, 10(50), 4616-4622. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2015.10217

GOMES-JUNIOR, F.G. and CICERO, S.M.X. Ray analysis to assess mechanical damage in sweet corn seeds. Revista Brasileira de Sementes. 2012, 34(1), 78-85. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31222012000100010

GRZYBOWSKI, C.R.S. and VIEIRA, R.D. and PANOBIANCO, M. Testes de estresse na avaliação do vigor de sementes de milho. Revista Ciência Agronômica. 2015, 46(3), 590-596. https://doi.org/10.5935/1806-6690.20150042

HAIR, J.F., et al. Análise multivariada de dados. 5th ed. Porto Alegre: Bookman, 2005.

HOFFMASTER, A.L., et al. An automated system for vigor testing three-day old soybean seedlings. Seed Science and Technology. 2003, 31(3), 701-713.

HONGYU, K. and SANDANIELO, V.L.M. and OLIVEIRA JUNIOR, G.J. Análise de componentes principais: resumo teórico, aplicação e interpretação. Engineering and Science. 2016, 15(1), 83-90. http://dx.doi.org/10.18607/ES201653398

JEROMINI, T.S., et al. The use of X-ray to evaluate Brachiaria brizantha seeds quality during seed processing.Revista Ciência Agronômica. 2019, 50(3), 439-446. https://doi.org/10.5935/1806-6690.20190052

JOHNSON, R.A. and WICHERN D.W. Applied multivariate statistical analysis. 3rd ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1998.

KAISER, H.F. The varimax criterion for analytic rotation in factor analysis. Psychometrika. 1958, 23, 187-200. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02289233

LORENTZ, L.H. and NUNES, U.R. Relações entre medidas de qualidade de lotes de sementes de arroz. Revista Ciência Agronômica. 2013, 44(4), 798-804. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-66902013000400017

MACHADO, C.G., et al. Precocidade na emissão da raiz primária para avaliação do vigor de sementes de milheto. Semina: Ciências Agrárias. 2012, 33(2), 499-506. https://doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2012v33n2p499

MAGUIRE, J.D. Speed of germination aid in selection and evaluation for seedling and vigour. Crop Science. 1962, 2(2) 176-177. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1962.0011183X000200020033x

MARCOS FILHO, J. and KIKUTI, A.L.P. and LIMA, L.B. Métodos para avaliação do vigor de sementes de soja, incluindo a análise computadorizada de imagens. Revista Brasileira de Sementes. 2009, 31(1), 102-112. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31222009000100012

MARCOS FILHO, J. Seed Physiology of Cultivated Plants. Londrina: ABRATES, 2016.

MARCOS FILHO, J. Seed vigor testing: an overview ofthepast, presentand future perspective. Scientia Agricola. 2015, 72(4), 363-374. https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-9016-2015-0007

MEDEIROS, A.D., PEREIRA, M.D. and SILVA, J.A. Processamento digital de imagens na determinação do vigor de sementes de milho. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias. 2018, 13(3), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.5039/agraria.v13i3a5540

MELO, L.F., et al. Beneficiamento na qualidade física e fisiológica de sementes de capim-mombaça. Revista Ciência Agronômica. 2016, 47(4), 667-674. https://doi.org/10.5935/1806-6690.20160080

MELO, P.A.F.R., et al. Vigor tests in assessing the quality of signal grass seeds. Semina: Ciências Agrárias. 2017, 38(6), 3491-3498. https://doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2017v38n6p3491

MENDONÇA, V.Z., et al. Corn production for silage intercropped with forage in the farming-cattle breeding integration. Engenharia Agrícola. 2014, 34(4), 738-745. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69162014000400013

MUNIZZI, A., et al. Qualidade de sementes de quatro cultivares de soja, colhidas em dois locais no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Revista Brasileira de Sementes. 2010, 32(1), 176-185. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31222010000100020

OHLSON, O.C., et al. Qualidade física e fisiológica de sementes de capim-colonião e milheto, comercializadas no estado do Paraná. Informativo ABRATES. 2011, 21(3), 52-56.

OLIVEIRA, S.S.C., et al. Seleção de progênies de nabo-forrageiro para germinação sob altas temperaturas. Ciência Rural. 2014, 44(2), 217-222.

OLIVEIRA, S.S.C., et al. Tests for the selection of forage turnip progeny to order the vigor and longevity of seeds. Revista Caatinga. 2017, 30(1), 230-236. https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252017v30n125rc

PEREIRA, F.E.C.B., et al. Tests to evaluate the physiological potential of Mombasa grass seeds. Revista Ciência Agronômica. 2020, 51(1), e20186359. https://doi.org/10.5935/1806-6690.20200009

SILVA, G.Z., et al. Evaluation the physiological quality of Brachiaria brizantha cv. BRS ‘Piatã’ seeds. Bioscience Journal. 2017, 33(3), 572-580. https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v33n3-36519

SILVA G.Z., et al. Phytosanitary quality of Brachiaria brizantha ‘BRS Piatã’ seeds in function of climate conditions Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental. 2019, 33(4), 237-243. https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v23n4p237-243

SNEATH, P.H.A. and SOKAL, R.R. Numerical taxonomy. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1973.

SOUZA, G.E., et al. Comparação entre métodos para a avaliação de vigor de sementes de algodão. Revista de Agricultura Neotropical. 2014, 1(2), 35-41. https://doi.org/10.32404/rean.v1i2.237

TOMAZ, C.A., et al. Time reduction for surinam grass seed germination test. Ciência e Agrotecnologia. 2015, 39(5), 488-497. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542015000500007

Downloads

Published

2022-03-31

How to Cite

FRANCISCO ELDER CARLOS BEZERRA PEREIRA, TATIANE SANCHES JEROMINI, GIVANILDO ZILDO DA SILVA, SALVADOR BARROS TORRES and CHALITA MARTINS, C., 2022. Evaluation of the physiological potential of Panicum maximum seeds by multivariate analysis. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 38, pp. e38017. [Accessed21 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-53754. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/53754.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences