Brazilian cerrado species: wood characteristics

Authors

  • Mayara Cristina Gomes de Faria Universidade Federal de Goiás
  • Carlos de Melo e Silva Neto Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Goiás
  • Pedro Augusto Fonseca Lima Universidade Federal de Goiás
  • Matheus Peres Chagas Universidade Federal de Goiás
  • Mario Tomazello Filho Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”
  • Carlos Roberto Sette Junior Universidade Federal de Goiás

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v36n4a2020-48044

Keywords:

Wood quality, Brazilian savanna, Sustainable use

Abstract

The characterization of wood anatomy and proprieties can provide subsidies for rational use of tree species. Enables, oftentimes, the definition of technological potential of wood - and wood products -   through the assessment of quality information and also allows it´s correct identification, contributing to the timber production chain.  The objective of this study was to contribute to the knowledge about wood properties of the Cerrado biome (Brazilian savanna) species trough the anatomical characterization and determination of density profile. Twenty trees species belonging to thirteen families occurring in Pirenópolis, Goiás and Brasília, Federal District, Brazil, was selected and radial samples were removed from the tree trunks at the DBH (1.30 m) in a non-destructive way using an incremental probe and a motorized extractor. The qualitative and quantitative anatomical parameters of vessels and fibers and the wood density were determined in the collected samples. Species presented fibers with mean values between 900.5 and 2052.9 µm for the length; 18.1 and 27.7 µm for the diameter; and 4.4 to 9.4 µm for the wall thickness. The species presented a variation in the vessel dimensions from 29.2 to 155.6 µm for the diameter; 17.7 to 32.5% for occupied area; and 2.6 to 165 to vessels.mm-2. The apparent density presented mean values between 0.36 and 1.21 g cm-3. The specie that presented the highest variation of wood density was A. fraxinifolium. According to the radial profiles two patterns of increasing and stable variation in the apparent density of the pith to bark were defined as a function of the wood anatomical characteristics.

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Published

2020-05-25

How to Cite

FARIA, M.C.G. de ., SILVA NETO, C. de M. e ., LIMA, P.A.F., CHAGAS, M.P., TOMAZELLO FILHO, M.. and SETTE JUNIOR, C.R.., 2020. Brazilian cerrado species: wood characteristics. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 1335–1352. [Accessed23 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v36n4a2020-48044. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/48044.

Issue

Section

Biological Sciences