Performance, body composition and net requirements of protein and energy for weight gain in steers supplemented with or without addition of lipids

Authors

  • Tiago Cunha Rocha Universidade Estadual da Região Tocantina do Maranhão
  • Carlos Augusto de Alencar Fontes
  • Elizabeth Fonsêca Processi
  • Laila Cecília Ramos Bendia
  • Clóvis Carlos Silveira Filho
  • Cláudio Teixeira Lombardi
  • Paulo Roberto Silveira Pimentel
  • Ronaldo Lopes Oliveira
  • Leilson Rocha Bezerra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v36n2a2020-42226

Keywords:

Carcass, Gastrointestinal tract, Panicum maximum, Ruminants

Abstract

This research aimed to evaluate the performance, body composition and net requirements for protein and energy in grazing Nellore steers supplemented with or without addition of lipids. Twenty-eight steers, 301 ± 5.8 kg BW, were used in the experiment. The comparative slaughter method was used, with four steers used as references. The remaining 24 steers were randomly distributed into four groups, during 180 days, according to treatment: only Panicum maximum cv. Mombasa grass; Mombasa grass with concentrated supplementation based on soybean meal; Mombasa grass with concentrate containing lipids from soybean oil; and Mombasa grass with concentrate containing lipids derived from soybean grains. The total DMI of the steers fed only the pasture did not differ (P > 0.05) from the average intake of the treatments with or without addition of lipids. There were no differences (P > 0.05) between treatments for total daily gain, carcass and non carcass for protein, energy and fat. The requirements of protein and energy did not differ (P > 0.05) among the treatments. When the pasture is of good quality, supplementation does not alter the body composition or the net requirements of protein and energy for weight gain. The supplementations with higher concentrations of lipids (oil and grain) were not enough to promote greater gains in fat and energy in carcass.

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Published

2020-02-11

How to Cite

ROCHA, T.C., FONTES, C.A. de A.., PROCESSI, E.F.., BENDIA, L.C.R.., SILVEIRA FILHO, C.C.., LOMBARDI, C.T.., PIMENTEL, P.R.S.., OLIVEIRA, R.L.. and BEZERRA, L.R.., 2020. Performance, body composition and net requirements of protein and energy for weight gain in steers supplemented with or without addition of lipids. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 507–518. [Accessed14 July 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v36n2a2020-42226. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/42226.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences