Working memory in children with phonetic deviation and phonological deviation

Authors

  • Raphaela Barroso Guedes-Granzotti Universidade Federal de Sergipe
  • Ana Carolina Carvalho Felippini Universidade de São Paulo
  • Patricia Aparecida Zuanetti Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
  • Kelly Silva Universidade Federal de Sergipe
  • Danielle Ramos Domenis Universidade Federal de Sergipe
  • Patricia Pupin Mandra Universidade de São Paulo
  • Marisa Tomoe Hebiara Fukuda Universidade de São Paulo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v33n3-36470

Keywords:

Memory, Language Development Disorders, Speech Disorders

Abstract

to verify the performance of children with Phonological Deviation and Phonetic Deviation in Working Memory - Phonological loop skills regarding the comparison group. 81 children participated, between five and six years old, of both sexes, attending the first year of primary education in municipal schools. They were divided into three groups, G1 - children with Phonological Deviation; G2 - children with Phonetic Deviation and G3 - children without speech or language disorders (comparative group). The Working Memory - Phonological loop was evaluated by the Repeatition of Words Without Meaning test. Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's Statistical Tests were used, adopting p <0.05 as significant. The G3 group showed superior performance in the syllabic categories of two, three and four syllables when compared to G1 and G2. When comparing G1 and G2, it was observed a superior performance of G2. In all groups, it was showed a decrease of right answers when increasing the length of words. The deficits in Working Memory - Phonological loop ability were observed in children with both Phonological Deviation and Phonetic Deviation, but children with Phonological Deviation presented significantly lower performance. The results suggest the relation of the Working Memory - Phonological loop with the development of speech and language.

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Published

2017-05-24

How to Cite

GUEDES-GRANZOTTI, R.B., FELIPPINI, A.C.C., ZUANETTI, P.A., SILVA, K., DOMENIS, D.R., MANDRA, P.P. and FUKUDA, M.T.H., 2017. Working memory in children with phonetic deviation and phonological deviation . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 763–768. [Accessed4 December 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v33n3-36470. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/36470.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences