Cell surface hydrophobicity and biofilm formation of candida yeast species in different culture media

Authors

  • Bruno Ezequiel Carvalho Porfírio Universidade Estadual de Goiás
  • Charles Lima Ribeiro Universidade Estadual de Goiás
  • Mauricio de Sousa Oliveira Universidade Estadual de Goiás
  • Evandro Leão Ribeiro Universidade Estadual de Goiás
  • Maria do Rosário Rodrigues Silva Universidade Estadual de Goiás
  • Plínio Lázaro Faleiro Naves Universidade Estadual de Goiás

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v33n3-34770

Keywords:

Biofilm, Hydrophobicity, Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis

Abstract

Cell surface adhesion is considered an essential step in the spread, infection and persistence of Candida yeasts in the host. Their ability to adhere on biotic and abiotic surfaces depends on several factors, including hydrophobicity. Once attached, these yeasts are capable of growing in biofilms, which are constituted of structured communities of encapsulated cells within an extracellular matrix, resistant to antifungal agents. In this context, this study aimed to analyze the cell surface hydrophobicity and specific biofilm formation of six Candida strains in different culture media: Sabouraud dextrose broth (SDB), artificial saliva (AS), Roswell Park Memorial Institute medium (RPMI 1640) and N-acetylglucosamine-yeast nitrogen base proline (NYP). Six yeasts of the genus Candida were studied: three C. albicans (Ca): Ca ATCC 10231 and the clinical isolates Ca34 and Ca05 and C. parapsilosis(Cp): Cp ATCC 22019 and the clinical isolates Cp120 and Cp38. Hydrophobicity was calculated as the percentage reduction in turbidity of the aqueous phase, due to the retention of the hydrophobic cells in hydrocarbon by the hydrocarbon-water biphasic assay following the MATH (Microbial 

Cell surface adhesion is considered an essential step in the spread, infection and persistence of Candida yeasts in the host. Their ability to adhere on biotic and abiotic surfaces depends on several factors, including hydrophobicity. Once attached, these yeasts are capable of growing in biofilms, which are constituted of structured communities of encapsulated cells within an extracellular matrix, resistant to antifungal agents. In this context, this study aimed to analyze the cell surface hydrophobicity and specific biofilm formation of six Candida strains in different culture media: Sabouraud dextrose broth (SDB), artificial saliva (AS), Roswell Park Memorial Institute medium (RPMI 1640) and N-acetylglucosamine-yeast nitrogen base proline (NYP). Six yeasts of the genus Candida were studied: three C. albicans (Ca): Ca ATCC 10231 and the clinical isolates Ca34 and Ca05 and C. parapsilosis (Cp): Cp ATCC 22019 and the clinical isolates Cp120 and Cp38. Hydrophobicity was calculated as the percentage reduction in turbidity of the aqueous phase, due to the retention of the hydrophobic cells in hydrocarbon by the hydrocarbon-water biphasic assay following the MATH (Microbial Adhesion to Hydrocarbon) method. The biofilm formation index was calculated as the optical density obtained by the growth of the yeasts in the culture media in a polystyrene microtiter plate, subsequently stained with 1% violet crystal. The results showed that hydrophobicity varied according to the media and the yeasts studied, and two of these (Ca34 and Ca10231) presented significant variation between the media. A more hydrophobic character was observed in yeasts grown on RPMI-1640 medium, and those grown on Sabouraud dextrose broth appeared more hydrophilic. The specific biofilm formation index was more intense for RPMI 1640 than in other media, which was expected, due to its ability to induce the transition between yeast-hyphae morphology, which is one of the key factors involved in the adhesion of C. albicans on different surfaces. RPMI 1640 was the best medium for obtaining biofilm in vitro, due to its greater hydrophobicity, which can enhance cell adhesion to the polystyrene plate, and due to its nutrient content, necessary for complete cell growth and biofilm formation.

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Published

2017-05-24

How to Cite

PORFÍRIO, B.E.C., RIBEIRO, C.L., OLIVEIRA, M. de S., RIBEIRO, E.L., SILVA, M. do R.R. and NAVES, P.L.F., 2017. Cell surface hydrophobicity and biofilm formation of candida yeast species in different culture media . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 739–746. [Accessed29 November 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v33n3-34770. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/34770.

Issue

Section

Biological Sciences