Impacts of citrus pulp addition and wilting on elephant grass silage quality

Authors

  • Raphael dos Santos Gomes Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro
  • João Carlos de Carvalho Almeida Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro
  • Jailton da Costa Carneiro Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Gado de Leite, Juiz de Fora
  • Flavio Henrique Vidal Azevedo Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro
  • Fábio Nunes Lista Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco
  • Ana Cristina Wyllie Elyas Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro
  • Tadeu Silva de Oliveira Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v33n3-33790

Keywords:

Additive, moisture, Pennisetum purpureum

Abstract

The objective of this work was to evaluate the use of citrus pulp addition and wilting on fermentative characteristics, chemical composition as well as gas and effluent losses of elephant grass silage. The elephant grass (70 growth days) was collected manually; one portion was immediately chopped and another one was allowed to wilt in the sun for a period of 6 h and subsequently chopped for the production of silage. Experimental PVC silos (10 cm diameter x 30 cm height) were used and sand bags were placed at the bottom of the silos. Citrus pulp (80 g kg-1 of MN) was added at the beginning of ensilage. The ensiled material was manually compressed to provide a specific mass of approximately 600 kg m-3 of silage. After 60 days, the silos were opened; gas and effluent losses were calculated and we determined pH, dry matter (DM), crude protein(CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF), lignin, ammonia nitrogen, ash and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD). We added 0 or 80 g kg-1 of citrus pulp to wilted and un-wilted elephant grass. We used a completely randomised design with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement (wilted or un-wilted) x (with or without citrus pulp), totalling treatments with five repetitions. Average values were compared using the F test with a probability of 5%. The addition of citrus pulp resulted in reduced levels of NDF, lignin, ash, N-NH3 and pH and in increased values of DM and IVDMD of silages. Wilting increased the DM, NDF and lignin values and reduced the concentrations of CP, IVDMD and N-NH3. Based on our results, citrus pulp addition improves the chemical composition of elephant grass silage and increases its in vitro dry matter digestibility.

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Published

2017-05-24

How to Cite

GOMES, R. dos S., ALMEIDA, J.C. de C., CARNEIRO, J. da C., AZEVEDO, F.H.V., LISTA, F.N., ELYAS, A.C.W. and OLIVEIRA, T.S. de, 2017. Impacts of citrus pulp addition and wilting on elephant grass silage quality . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 675–684. [Accessed22 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v33n3-33790. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/33790.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences