Adaptability and phenotypic stability of semi-prostate cowpea genotypes in Mato Grosso do Sul


  • Francisco Eduardo Torres Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul
  • Paulo Eduardo Teodoro Universidade Federal de Viçosa
  • Alberto Cargnelutti Filho Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
  • Adriano dos Santos Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro
  • Maurisrael de Moura Rocha Embrapa Meio-Norte, Teresina
  • Edivaldo Sagrilo Embrapa Meio-Norte, Teresina



Vigna unguiculata, grain yield, genotype and environment interaction.


Currently, cowpea growing covers three Brazilian regions, making essential the investigation of the magnitude of genotype x environment essential for choosing the best selection strategy and recommendation of cultivars. The aim of this study was to evaluate the adaptability and phenotypic stability of semi-prostate cowpea genotypes in sites from State of Mato Grosso do Sul based on different methodologies. We conducted four value of cultivation and use testing with lines and cultivars of cowpea genotypes in the years 2005 and 2006 in the municipalities of Aquidauana, Chapadão do Sul and Dourados. The experimental design was randomized complete block with 20 treatments and four replications. The grain yield data were submitted to individual and joint analysis of variance. Subsequently, data were submitted to adaptability and stability analysis by Eberhart and Russell (1966), Yates and Cochran (1938) (traditional) and Wricke (1965) methodologies. The genotypes BRS Xiquexique, TE97-304G-12, BR 17-Gurguéia and MNC99-541F-15 are the most suitable for growing in Mato Grosso do Sul by combine high yield grain, adaptability and phenotypic stability.


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How to Cite

TORRES, F.E., TEODORO, P.E., CARGNELUTTI FILHO, A., SANTOS, A. dos, ROCHA, M. de M. and SAGRILO, E., 2016. Adaptability and phenotypic stability of semi-prostate cowpea genotypes in Mato Grosso do Sul . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1435–1441. [Accessed24 April 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v32n6a2016-32813. Available from:



Agricultural Sciences