Presence of antibodies against Leptospira spp. in dogs of Uberlandia, MG, Brazil

Authors

  • Jacqueline Ribeiro de Castro Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Mariana Assunção de Souza Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Antônio Bertolino Cardoso Neto Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Rafael Quirino Moreira Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Sandra Renata Sampaio Salaberry Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Ednaldo Carvalho Guimarães Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Anna Monteiro Correia Lima Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v31n4a2015-26173

Keywords:

Dogs, Leptospira interrogans, Microcopic Agglutination Test

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of antibodies against Leptospira spp. and risk factors related to the epidemiology of leptospirosis in dogs living in the urban area of the municipality of Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Blood serum samples were examined from 268 dogs from the municipality's North, South, East, West and Central sanitary districts. The samples were collected during an animal vaccination campaign against rabies in August 2008. The occurrence of antibodies against specific leptospiral serovars was determined by the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between sex, age, previous vaccination, habitation, presence of rats, and history of human and/or animal leptospirosis on the occurrence of infection. The occurrence of canine leptospirosis was 28.36% (76/268), the most prevalent serovars were: Autumnalis (34.21%), Tarassovi (23.58%), Canicola (17.11%) and Grippotyphosa (14.47%). No risk factors were found to be statistically significant (p> 0,05 for all examined variables). The fact that close to 30% of dogs showed evidence of past infection with Leptospira points to the need for the adoption of preventive measures, as the disease may represent a public health risk. 

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Author Biography

Sandra Renata Sampaio Salaberry, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária

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Published

2015-06-30

How to Cite

CASTRO, J.R. de, SOUZA, M.A. de, NETO, A.B.C., MOREIRA, R.Q., SALABERRY, S.R.S., GUIMARÃES, E.C. and LIMA, A.M.C., 2015. Presence of antibodies against Leptospira spp. in dogs of Uberlandia, MG, Brazil . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 1183–1188. [Accessed26 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v31n4a2015-26173. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/26173.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences