Phytosociology of weeds in millet under different soil managements in savanna sul-mato-grossense
Keywords:Nitrogen fertilization, Pennisetum glaucum L, Soil preparation, Weeds identification
The millet crop in recent decades has shown an increase in planted area, mainly in the Cerrado region. However, there are few studies related to the management and phytossociology of weeds in this culture. Thus, the objective of this research was to perform a phytosociological survey in millet under different soil managements in Savanna Sul-Mato-Grossense region. The experiment was conducted in the experimental area of Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul - Unit of Aquidauana (UEMS/UUA), in Aquidauana-MS. The area is cultivated to five years with soybeans in first crop and corn in second. The experimental design was randomized complete block in a split-plot design consisting of four blocks with four replications. In the plots were used soil preparation systems (minimum tillage and no-tillage) and in the subplots was utilized the nitrogen fertilization at 50 kg ha-1 and absence of nitrogen on millet at 25 days after emergence (DAE). Were evaluated the parameters number of species (NS), total number and dry mass of weeds (TN and DMW, respectively), dry mass of millet (DMM) and frequency (F), density (D), abundance (A) and Importance Value (IV) of weeds. The no-tillage system provided greater dry mass of weeds, whereas the nitrogen resulted in a smaller total number of weeds (TN). Cynodon dactylon and Commelina benghalensis were the most predominant species on area.
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Copyright (c) 2015 Paulo Eduardo Teodoro, Larissa Pereira Ribeiro, Caio Cezar Guedes Corrêa, Roque Apolinário Alves da Luz Júnior, Mariana Conceição de Souza, Mayara dos Santos Simões, Francisco Eduardo Torres
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.