Poultry litter and cover crops influence the agronomic performance and grain yield of wheat

Authors

  • Eveline Ferreira Soares Universidade Federal de Santa Maria https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3675-558X
  • Claudir José Basso Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
  • Mateus Júnior Rodrigues Sangiovo Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
  • Eduarda Vargas de Souza Leandro Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
  • Diógenes Cecchin Silveira Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6653-4839
  • Thainá Fogliatto Moreira Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4815-9753

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v39n0a2023-68812

Keywords:

Grain yield, Mineral nutrition, Organic fertilization, Triticum aestivum L.

Abstract

The use of poultry litter as a source of nitrogen (N) and the decomposition of ground cover plants can be an alternative and N management strategy in the wheat crop, in succession. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of isolated and/or intercropped cultivation of ground cover plants in autumn/winter and the use of poultry litter on some plant parameters and on the final yield of wheat grains. The experimental design was randomized blocks, in split plots, with three replications. The treatments in the plots were composed of isolated coverings Avena strigosa Schreb., Raphanus sativus L. and intercropping of A. strigosa + R. sativus and fallow as a control. In the subplots, the N managements in the wheat crop with 100% of the N recommendation via poultry litter, 100% of the N via mineral (urea), 50% via poultry litter + 50% mineral and the control, without N application. The management of nitrogen fertilization and the cover crops altered the yield components of the wheat crop. The use of poultry litter increased the final grain yield, being an alternative as a partial replacement, when associated with urea, or total N. Isolated crops R. sativus and A. strigosa + R. sativus intercropping significantly influenced agronomic performance and final grain yield.

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Published

2023-08-18

How to Cite

SOARES, E.F., BASSO , C.J., SANGIOVO, M.J.R., LEANDRO, E.V. de S., SILVEIRA, D.C. and MOREIRA, T.F., 2023. Poultry litter and cover crops influence the agronomic performance and grain yield of wheat. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 39, pp. e39097. [Accessed12 June 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v39n0a2023-68812. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/68812.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences