Growth inhibition of sourgrass as a function of period of darkness after diquat application

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-62470

Keywords:

Application time, Digitaria insularis (L.) Fedde, Oxidative stress, Photosystem I inhibitors, Reactive oxygen species.

Abstract

Photosystem-inhibiting herbicides, such as diquat, act by inducing oxidative stress. However, oxidative damage impairs translocation, resulting in regrowth of the plants. The aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of diquat in controlling the growth of sourgrass exposed to different periods of darkness after application of the herbicide, as well as to evaluate the photosynthetic activity and the production of reactive oxygen species. Two experiments (field and greenhouse) were conducted by applying diquat (200 g a.i. ha-1) on sourgrass plants at the 3 to 4 tiller stage. The treated plants were subjected to different periods of darkness after diquat application (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 h), in addition to the control treatment without any application. Growth inhibition and mass evaluations of the sourgrass plants were performed in both experiments, whereas photosynthetic activity and H2O2 accumulation in the leaves were evaluated in the greenhouse experiment. The results showed an increase in the sourgrass growth inhibition with an increase in the period of darkness after application. There was a need for a minimum of 6 h of darkness after diquat application to fully inhibit growth (100%) of the sourgrass, whereas plants that remained in the sun since application exhibited less than 50% inhibition. The increase in the period of darkness after diquat application resulted in a reduction in photosynthetic activity and, consequently, lower accumulation of H2O2. Thus, the maintenance of sourgrass in the dark for at least 6 h enables total control of the growth of the plants, preventing regrowth.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA). Resolução de diretoria colegiada – RDC nº 190, de 30 novembro de 2017, 2017. Available from: https://pesquisa.in.gov.br/imprensa/jsp/visualiza/index.jsp?data=01/12/2017&jornal=515&pagina=124

ALEXIEVA, V., et al. The effect of drought and ultraviolet radiation on growth and stress markers in pea and wheat. Plant, Cell and Environment. 2001, 24(12), 1337-1344. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbr.12592

ANDRADE, A., et al. Development of rice (Oryza sativa) lines resistant to aryloxyphenoxypropionate herbicides through induced mutation with gamma rays. Plant Breeding. 2018, 137(3), 364-369. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbr.12592

ANDREOTTI, E.G.G., et al. Alternativas de manejo químico de capim-amargoso na cultura da soja. Revista Brasileira de Herbicidas. 2019, 18(3), 2019. https://doi.org/10.7824/rbh.v18i3.668

BAKER, N.R. Chlorophyll fluorescence: a probe of photosynthesis in vivo. Annual Review of Plant Biology. 2008, 59, 89-113. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.59.032607.092759

BISHOP, T., POWLES, S.B. and CORNIC, G. Mechanism of paraquat resistance in Hordeum glaucum. II. Paraquat uptake and translocation. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology. 1987, 14(5), 539–547. https://doi.org/10.1071/PP9870539

BLIND, M.R., et al. Fotossíntese de espécies de Anibae em resposta à exposição a ambientes contrastantes de luz. Rodriguésia. 2018, 69(2), 397-407. https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201869211

BROMILOW, R.H., CHAMBERLAIN, K. and EVANS, A.A. Physicochemical aspects of phloem translocation of herbicides. Weed Science. 1990, 38(3), 305-314. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043174500056575

BRUNHARO, C.A.C.G. and HANSON, B.D. Vacuolar sequestration of paraquat is involved in the resistance mechanism in Lolium perenne L. spp. multiflorum. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2017, 8(1485). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01485

CALDERBANK, A. and SLADE, P., 1976. Diquat and Paraquat. In: KEARNY, P.C. and KAUFMAN, D.D, eds. Herbicides: chemistry, degradation, and mode of action, New York, pp. 501-540.

CHANG, Z., et al. Effects of cytokinin and nitrogen on drought tolerance of creeping bentgrass. PLoS One. 2016. 11(4), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154005

COBB, A.H. and READE, J.P.H. Herbicides and plant phisiology. 7.ed. Hoboken, 2010.

COSTA, N. L., et al. Fisiologia e Manejo de Plantas Forrageiras. 2004. Porto Velho: Embrapa Rondônia, 2004. Available from: https://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/bitstream/doc/916005/1/doc85plantasforrageiras.pdf

COSTA, N.V., et al. Doses de paraquat e volumes de calda na dessecação de Brachiaria ruziziensis antes do cultivo do milho safrinha. Revista Brasileira de Herbicidas. 2014, 13(2), 143-155. https://doi.org/10.7824/rbh.v13i2.264

DE RUITER, H., et al. Influence of surfactants and plant species on leaf retention of spray solutions. Weed Science. 1990, 38(6), 567-572. https://doi.org/10.1017/S004317450005150X

FUJITA, M. and SHINOZAKI, K. Identification of polyamine transporters in plants: paraquat transport provides crucial clues. Plant and Cell Physiology. 2014, 55(5), 855–861. https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcu032

GILO, E.G., et al. Alternatives for chemical management of sourgrass. Bioscience Journal. 2016, 32(4), 881-889. https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v32n4a2016-32786

GITSOPOULOS, T.K., DAMALAS, C.A. and GEORGOULAS, I. Improving diquat efficacy on grasses by adding adjuvants to the spray solution before use. Planta Daninha. 2014, 32(2), 355-360. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582014000200013

GOMES, L.J.P., et al. Chemical control and morphoanatomical analysis of leaves of different populations of sourgrass. Planta Daninha. 2017, 35. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582017350100008

GUIDI, L., LO PICCOLO, E. and LANDI, M.C. Chlorophyll fluorescence, photoinhibition and abiotic stress: does it make any difference the fact to be a C3 or C4 species? Frontiers in Plant Science. 2019, 10(174). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00174

HAWKES, T.R. Mechanisms of resistance to paraquat in plants. Pest Management Science. 2014, 70, 1316-1323. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.3699

HEAP, I. The international herbicide resistant weed database. 2021. Available from: http://www.weedscience.org/Home.aspx

Instituto de Desenvolvimento Rural do Paraná (IDR-Paraná). Dados meteorológicos históricos e atuais., 2019. Available from: https://www.idrparana.pr.gov.br/Pagina/Dados-Meteorologicos-Historicos-e-Atuais

LIMA-MELO, Y., et al. Photoinhibition of photosystem I provides oxidative protection during imbalanced photosynthetic electron transport in Arabidopsis thaliana. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2019, 10(916), 2019. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00916

LOPEZ OVEJERO, R.F., et al. Frequency and dispersal of glyphosate-resistant sourgrass (Digitaria insularis) populations across Brazilian agricultural production areas. Weed Science. 2017, 65(2), 285-294. https://doi.org/10.1017/wsc.2016.31

MACHADO, A.F.L., et al. Caracterização anatômica de folha, colmo e rizoma de Digitaria insularis. Planta Daninha. 2008, 26(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582008000100001

MONTGOMERY, G.B., et al. Effect of time of day of application of 2,4-D, dicamba, glufosinate, paraquat, and saflufenacil on horseweed (Conyza canadensis) control. Weed Technology. 2017, 31, 550-556. https://doi.org/10.1017/wet.2017.34

MORETTI, M.L. and HANSON, B.D. Reduced translocation is involved in resistance to glyphosate and paraquat in Conyza bonariensis and Conyza canadensis from California. Weed Research. 2016, 57(1), 25-34. https://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12230

OLIVEIRA, G.M.P., et al. Control of volunteer corn as a function of light restriction periods after diquat application. Revista Caatinga. 2022, 35(2), 299-307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252022v35n206rc

PITELLI, R.A., et al. Doses e horário de aplicação do diquat no controle de Eichhornia crassipes. Planta Daninha. 2011, 29(2), 269-277. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582011000200004

R CORE TEAM. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing, 2020. Available from: https://www.r-project.org/

RODRIGUES, B.N. and ALMEIDA, F.S. Guia de herbicidas. 7th ed. Londrina, 2018.

SCHMITZ-EIBERGER, M. and NOGA, G. Reduction of paraquat-induced oxidative stress in Phaselous vulgaris and Malus domestica leaves by α-tocopherol. Scientia Horticulturae. 2001, 91(1-2), 153-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4238(01)00246-1

TAHMASEBI, B.K., et al. Multiple resistance evolution in bipyridylium-resistant Epilobium ciliatum after recurrent selection. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2018, 9(695). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00695

Downloads

Published

2022-09-30

How to Cite

DE OLIVEIRA, G.M.P., DE AGUIAR E SILVA, M.A. and DALAZEN, G., 2022. Growth inhibition of sourgrass as a function of period of darkness after diquat application. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 38, pp. e38087. [Accessed10 December 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-62470. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/62470.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences