The role of enzymes in the angiogenic activity of Hancornia speciosa latex

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-61092

Keywords:

Chick chorioallantoic membrane, Enzymes, Proteinase K

Abstract

The Hancornia speciosa latex has shown angiogenic activity. Angiogenesis plays a major role in wound healing, and materials that stimulate this process could be used to develop drugs. This study aimed to explain the role of proteins in the H. speciosa serum fraction latex in angiogenesis. Hence, this material was treated with proteinase K and the proteins were inactivated. After protein inactivation, angiogenic activity was assessed with the chick chorioallantoic membrane assay. The result showed that the proteins in the serum fraction are responsible for angiogenic activity. Then, the total protein content in the serum fraction and its enzymatic activity were investigated. The low protein content observed in the H. speciosa serum fraction latex suggests that this biomaterial could be used to develop new drugs with a hypoallergenic response. Despite the low protein content, there was a significant enzymatic activity of at least three enzymes in the serum fraction latex: β-1,3 glucanase, β-glucosidase, and proteases. These enzymes seem to influence the healing process, assisting debridement, extracellular matrix remodeling, and collagen deposition, and decreasing the chances of contamination by microorganisms. In conclusion, the enzymes in the H. speciosa serum latex are associated with the angiogenic activity of this biomaterial and may be used to assist the wound healing process.

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Published

2022-09-30

How to Cite

D’ABADIA, P., FERNANDES COSTA, A.., FIRMINO, M.T.F., CARAMORI, S., RUY DE SOUZA LINO-JUNIOR, ZANOELO, F.F.Z., GONÇALVES, P.J.G. and ALMEIDA, L., 2022. The role of enzymes in the angiogenic activity of Hancornia speciosa latex. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 38, pp. e38086. [Accessed30 November 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-61092. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/61092.

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Biological Sciences