Sowing depth and light intensity in the emergence and development of monocotyledonous weeds

Authors

  • Ricardo Fagundes Marques Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Guilherme Sasso Ferreira Souza Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Maria Renata Rocha Pereira Faculdade de Tecnologia do Estado de São Paulo
  • Sidnei Roberto de Marchi Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2673-5094
  • Dagoberto Martins Universidade Estadual Paulista https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2346-9667

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-60820

Keywords:

Brightness, Cenchrus echinatus, Field condition, Shading, Urochloa decumbens.

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different sowing depths and light intensities on the emergence and development of the monocot weed species, Urochloa decumbens and Cenchrus echinatus, under field conditions. Each species constituted an experiment, and the experimental design was completely randomized with four replicates. The treatments were arranged in a 6 x 4 factorial scheme, with six sowing depths (0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, 8.0, and 12.0 cm) associated with four solar radiation intensities (100%, 70%, 50%, and 30%) obtained through the use of shading screens. Seedling emergence capacity was evaluated daily to obtain the emergence percentage and speed index. Plant height, floral induction time, and plant dry matter at flowering were measured. Even when subjected to different solar radiation intensities, U. decumbens and C. echinatus seedlings emerged at all the sowing depths. Sowing between 2.0- and 4.0-cm depths favored the emergence of seedlings of U. decumbens and C. echinatus. However, sowing at 12-cm depth reduced the emergence of both species regardless of the solar radiation intensity. Urichloa decumbens plants grown under conditions of greater shading showed the lowest values of height and dry matter accumulation during flowering. High levels of shading facilitated only the etiolation of C. echinatus plants. Increased shading flowering time in both species compared to full sunlight.

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Published

2022-09-23

How to Cite

FAGUNDES MARQUES, R., SOUZA, G.S.F., PEREIRA, M.R.R., ROBERTO DE MARCHI, S. and MARTINS, D., 2022. Sowing depth and light intensity in the emergence and development of monocotyledonous weeds. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 38, pp. e38083. [Accessed17 July 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-60820. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/60820.

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Section

Agricultural Sciences