Luminosity, temperature, and substrates on the germination of Solanum capsicoides

Authors

  • Julcinara Oliveira Baptista Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3491-5498
  • Rodrigo Sobreira Alexandre Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5248-6773
  • Paula Aparecida Muniz de Lima Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1601-1786
  • Simone de Oliveira Lopes Colégio Metropolitano de São Carlos
  • Caroline Palacio de Araujo Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
  • Conceição de Maria Batista de Oliveira Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
  • José Carlos Lopes Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4880-0547

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-59385

Keywords:

Germination potential, Herbal medicines, Seeds.

Abstract

Solanum capsicoides, commonly known as red soda apple, is a little-studied species with phytotherapeutic characteristics of interest to the pharmaceutical industry. However, little is known about its agronomic characteristics. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the effect of light, different temperatures, and substrates on the germination of S. capsicoides seeds. The study consisted of two experiments: Experiment I - Germination of S. capsicoides seeds under different wavelengths. The seeds were kept on Petri dishes covered with Germitest™ paper moistened with distilled water and exposed to the monochromatic, red, far-red, and dark wavelengths. The experiment was performed in a completely randomized design with four replications of 25 seeds. Experiment II - Germination of S. capsicoides seeds on different substrates and at different temperatures. The seeds were distributed according to six substrates: paper roll, on paper, between sand, on sand, on soil + sand + manure, and between soil + sand + manure. The seeds were also subjected to the constant temperatures of 20, 25, 30, and 35 °C and the alternate temperatures of 20-30, 20-35, 25-30, and 25-35 °C, characterizing a 6 x 8 factorial arrangement. Germination rate, germination speed index, and mean germination time were evaluated. Red soda apple seeds are classified as positive photoblastic, with the highest germination rate occurring at the temperature of 20-35 °C combined with on paper, paper roll, on sand, and between sand substrates.

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Published

2022-08-12

How to Cite

OLIVEIRA BAPTISTA, J., SOBREIRA ALEXANDRE, R., MUNIZ DE LIMA, P.A., DE OLIVEIRA LOPES, S., PALACIO DE ARAUJO, C., DE MARIA BATISTA DE OLIVEIRA, C. and LOPES, J.C., 2022. Luminosity, temperature, and substrates on the germination of Solanum capsicoides. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 38, pp. e38061. [Accessed12 July 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-59385. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/59385.

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Section

Agricultural Sciences