Biofertilizer and reduction of water losses in soil cultivated with tomato irrigated with moderately saline water

Authors

  • Rossana Carla Montenegro de Vasconcelos Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Lourival Ferreira Cavalcante Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Antônio Gustavo de Luna Souto Universidade Federal da Paraíba https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2798-2174
  • Adriana Araújo Diniz Universidade Estadual do Maranhão
  • Antonio João de Lima Neto Universidade Federal do Ceará https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9019-562X
  • Tony Andresson Guedes Dantas Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Ceará https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0651-7097

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v39n0a2023-55575

Keywords:

Organic Input, Plastic Film, Solanum lycopersicum L. , Water Salinity.

Abstract

In semi-arid regions, agricultural production is often limited due to scarcity and rainfall irregularities, and, therefore, the production system depends on irrigation. In this direction, the research aimed to evaluate the influence of the reduction of water losses in the soil through the coating of the lateral faces of the planting furrows with plastic film, by lateral infiltration of water and bovine biofertilizers for growth in height, production, and chlorophyll responses of tomato cv. Fascínio F1 irrigated with moderately saline water. The experiment was carried out in randomized blocks, in a 2 × 3 factorial scheme, with 4 replicates and 21 plants per plot. Different conditions were used and compared with each other: the furrow had side coating or not, and the soil received a common biofertilizer (fresh lactating bovine manure), chemically enriched fertilizer (common biofertilizer, milk, molasses, and gypsum), or no fertilizer at all. The variables evaluated were soil moisture, plant height, a, b, and total chlorophyll content, number and average fruit mass, tomato production, and productivity. The enriched bovine biofertilizer associated with the lateral furrow coating increased the synthesis of chlorophyll pigments, the number of fruits per plant, and the productivity of tomato cv. Fascínio F1. Protecting the faces of the furrows against water losses from the root environment of plants keeps the soil moist, stimulates the synthesis of chlorophyll, and increases the average mass of the fruits. The common bovine biofertilizer promotes greater growth in plant height, and the chemically enriched biofertilizer increases the average weight of tomato fruits.

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Published

2023-05-05

How to Cite

VASCONCELOS, R.C.M. de, CAVALCANTE, L.F., SOUTO, A.G. de L., DINIZ, A.A., LIMA NETO, A.J. de and DANTAS, T.A.G., 2023. Biofertilizer and reduction of water losses in soil cultivated with tomato irrigated with moderately saline water. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 39, pp. e39072. [Accessed25 July 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v39n0a2023-55575. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/55575.

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Section

Agricultural Sciences