Functional performance, nutritional status and level of physical activity of elderly

Authors

  • Vivianne Ramos da Cunha Muniz Universidade Federal do Piauí https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8081-671X
  • Carla Cristina Carvalho Fonseca Meneses Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Cecília Resende Gonçalves de Carvalho Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Amanda Suellenn da Silva Santos Oliveira Universidade Federal do Piauí https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3303-4234
  • Suzana Maria Rebelo Sampaio da Paz Universidade de São Paulo
  • Marcos David Figueiredo de Carvalho Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Maria do Perpétuo Socorro Carvalho Martins Universidade Federal do Piauí https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4162-3744
  • Daniele Martins de Sousa Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Ana Lina de Carvalho Cunha Sales Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Guilherme Guarino de Moura Sá Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Vanessa Brito Lira de Carvalho Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Geovanni de Morais Lima Universidade de São Paulo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7681-6669
  • Maria do Carmo de Carvalho e Martins Universidade Federal do Piauí https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9107-2485

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-55177

Keywords:

Aged, Gait, Motor Activity, Muscle Strength, Nutritional Status.

Abstract

The elderly is a risk group for changes in health conditions and as well as in functional performance related to the decline in grip strength and reduced walking speed, which can compromise the performance of activities of daily living. Based on this, the objective was to analyze the factors associated with functional performance in the elderly. For that, a cross-sectional study was developed involving a group of 179 elderly people who received medical care at an outpatient clinic of the public health network. Muscle strength and gait speed were measured. Nutritional status was determined by Body Mass Index (BMI), calf circumference (CC), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Level of physical activity was measured by the adapted version of the Minnesota Leisure Activities Questionnaire. Low muscle strength was found in 20.7% of the elderly and slow gait in 20.1%. Increased risk of cardiovascular disease was found in 40.8% considering WC, and 35.2% by WHR. Most of the elderly had low weight and no loss of muscle mass. Loss of muscle strength was associated with sex and CC and gait speed were associated with sex, age, and presence of a partner (p < 0.05). The chance of loss of muscle strength and lower gait speed was higher in elderly women. Loss of muscle mass due to CC was associated with the chance of loss of strength, and the chance of reduced walking speed was greater among the elderly individuals aged 75 years and over.

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References

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Published

2022-08-12

How to Cite

RAMOS DA CUNHA MUNIZ, V., CARVALHO FONSECA MENESES, C.C., RESENDE GONÇALVES DE CARVALHO, C., DA SILVA SANTOS OLIVEIRA, A.S., REBELO SAMPAIO DA PAZ, S.M., FIGUEIREDO DE CARVALHO, M.D., CARVALHO MARTINS, M. do P.S., MARTINS DE SOUSA, D., DE CARVALHO CUNHA SALES, A.L., GUARINO DE MOURA SÁ, G., BRITO LIRA DE CARVALHO, V., DE MORAIS LIMA, G. and DE CARVALHO E MARTINS, M. do C., 2022. Functional performance, nutritional status and level of physical activity of elderly. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 38, pp. e38044. [Accessed15 July 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-55177. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/55177.

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Section

Health Sciences