Impact of sowing dates on the yield efficiency of upland rice cultivars

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-54110

Keywords:

Cerrado, Global solar radiation, Oryza sativa L. , Sprinkler irrigation.

Abstract

The choice of cultivars adapted to different regions and the determination of the best sowing dates are indispensable tools for crop development. This allows the installation of the crop in times favorable to its development, as well as cultivars that manage to reach their maximum yield potential. The objective of this study was to determine the best sowing dates and the cultivars that can adapt to the low-altitude Cerrado region and have the best development and yield efficiency. The experiment was conducted on a typical clayey dystrophic Red Latosol soil. The experimental design was in randomized blocks in a factorial scheme, comprised by four sowing dates during the spring/summer season (October, November, December, and February) and in each sowing date there were eight upland rice cultivars (BRS Esmeralda, ANa 6005, ANa 5015, IPR 117, IAC 203, IAC 500, ANa 7211 and BRSGO Serra Dourada) with four replicates. Sowing in October and November benefited the aerial dry mass and the spikelets fertility however, sowing in November provided higher plant height, which caused lodging in plants. Sowing in December caused the incidence of scald, mainly affecting the cultivar ANa 7211. For all cultivars, sowing in October favored the yield efficiency of upland rice in the low-altitude Cerrado, followed by sowing in November. The cultivars which demonstrated higher yield efficiency in the conditions of the region were BRS Esmeralda and ANa 5015.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ARF, O., et al. Influência da época de semeadura no comportamento de cultivares de arroz irrigado por aspersão em Selvíria, MS. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira. 2000, 35(10), 1967-1976. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2000001000007

BANZATTO, D.A. and KRONKA, S.N. Experimentação agrícola. 4th ed. Jaboticabal: Funep, 2006.

BEHLING, A., et al. Conversion efficiency of photosynthetically active radiation intercepted in biomass in stands of black wattle in Brazil. Bosque. 2015, 36(1), 61-69. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92002015000100007

CANTARELLA, H., RAIJ, B. and CAMARGO, C.E.O., 1997. Cereais. In: B. VAN RAIJ, H. CANTARELLA, J.A. QUAGGIO and A.M.C. FURLANI, (Eds.). Recomendações de calagem e adubação para o Estado de São Paulo, Campinas: IAC, pp. 43-73.

CARMEIS FILHO, A.C.A., et al. Influence of potassium levels on root growth and nutriente uptake of upland rice cultivars. Revista Caatinga. 2017, 30(1), 32–44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252017v30n104rc

CHEABU, S., et al. Effects of heat stress at vegetative and reproductive stages on spikelet fertility. Rice Science. 2018, 25(4), 218-226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rsci.2018.06.005

CRUSCIOL, C.A.C., MOMESSO, L., and NASCIMENTO, C.A.C. Phosphate fertilization on nutritional status and growth of upland rice cultivars. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 2019, 42(13), 1516–1528. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2019.1628971

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA). Manual de métodos de pesquisa em arroz: 1ª Aproximação. Goiânia: Cnpaf, 1977.

FERRARI, S., PAGLIARI, P. and TRETTEL, J. Optimum sowing date and genotype testing for upland rice production in Brazil. Scientific Reports. 2018, 8, 8227. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26628-6

FILIPI, M.C., PRABHU, A.S. and SILVA, G.B. Escaldadura do arroz e seu controle. Santo Antônio de Goiás: Embrapa, 2005.

FORNASIERI FILHO, D. and FORNASIERI, J.L. Manual da cultura do arroz. Jaboticabal: Funep, 2006.

GAUTAM, P., et al. Inter-relationship between intercepted radiation and rice yield influenced by transplanting time, method, and variety. International Journal of Biometeorology. 2019, 63, 337–349. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-018-01667-w

GONG, X., et al. Boosting proso millet yield by altering canopy light distribution in proso millet/mung bean intercropping systems. The Crop Journal. 2020, 8, 365–377. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cj.2019.09.009

GUIMARÃES, G.L., et al. Agronomic performance of cover crops and upland rice cultivars grown in sucession with different nitrogen rates in no-tillage system. Cultura Agronômica. 2018, 27(2), 173-189.

International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). Ecological and Sustainable Management of Rice-based Production Systems. 2018 [accessed January 27, 2020]. Available at: http://irri.org/our-work/locations/23-our-work/research/176-theme-3-ecological-and-sustainable-management-of-rice-based-production-systems

LAWAS, L.M.F., et al. Sheathed panicle phenotype (cv. sathi) maintains normal spikelet fertility and grain filling under prolonged heat stress in rice. Crop Science. 2018, 58, 1693–1705. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2017.09.0574

LIU, K., et al. Radiation use efficiency and source-sink changes of super hybrid rice under shade stress during grain-filling stage. Agronomy Journal. 2019, 111(4), 1788-1798. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2018.10.0662

LIU, X., et al. Selenium-silicon (Se-Si) induced modulations in physio-biochemicalresponses, grain yield, quality, aroma formation and lodging in fragrant rice. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2020, 196, 1105252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2020.110525

MALAVOLTA, E., VITTI, G.C. and OLIVEIRA, S.A. Avaliação do estado nutricional das plantas: princípios e aplicações. 2nd ed. Piracicaba: Potafos, 1997.

MAUAD, M., CRUSCIOL, C.A.C. and GRASSI FILHO, H. Produção de massa seca e nutrição de arroz de terras altas sob condição de déficit hídrico e adubação silicatada. Semina: Ciências Agrárias. 2011, 32(3), 939-948. https://doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2011v32n3p939

Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, Food and Agricultural Organization (OECD and FAO). Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025; [accesssed January 4, 2020]. Available at: https://stats.oecd.org

PAL, R., et al. Impact of sowing date on yield, dry matter and nitrogen accumulation,and nitrogen translocation in dry-seeded rice in North-West India. Field Crops Research. 2017, 206(1), 138-148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2017.01.025

RAIJ, B., et al. Análise química para avaliação da fertilidade de solos tropicais. Campinas: IAC. 2001.

RAZAFINDRAZAKA, A., et al. Genotypic yield responses of lowland rice in high-altitude cropping systems. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 2020, 206, 444–455. https://doi.org/10.1111/jac.12416

RAOUFI, R.S., and SOUFIZADEH, S. Simulation of the impacts of climate change on phenology, growth, and yield of various rice genotypes in humid sub-tropical environments using AquaCrop-Rice. International Journal of Biometeorology. 2020, 64, 1657–1673. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-020-01946-5

REIS, H.P.G., et al. Agronomic biofortification with seleniumimpacts storage proteins in grains ofupland rice. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 2020, 100, 1990–1997. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10212

SANTOS, H.G., et al. Sistema brasileiro de classificação de solos. 5th ed. Brasília: Embrapa. 2018.

SHAH, L., et al. Improving lodging resistance: using wheat and rice as classical examples. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019, 20(17), 4211. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20174211

SHER, A., et al. Response of maize grown under high plant density; performance, issues and management - a critical review. Advances in Crop Science and Technology. 2017, 5(3), 1000275. https://doi.org/10.4172/2329-8863.1000275

STRECK, E.A., et al. Genetic progress in 45 years of irrigated rice breeding in Southern Brazil. Crop Science. 2018, 58, 1094-1105. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2017.06.0383

TAIZ, L., et al. Fisiologia e Desenvolvimento Vegetal. Porto Alegre: Artmed. 2017.

VORIES, E., et al. Investigating irrigation scheduling for rice using variable rate irrigation. Agricultural Water Management. 2017, 179, 314–323. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2016.05.032

WANG, F. and PENG, S. Yield potential and nitrogen use efficiency of China’s super rice. Journal of Integrative Agriculture. 2017, 16(5), 1000–1008. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(16)61561-7

WANG, Y., et al. Influence of tiller heterogeneity on yield components of rice grown under different nitrogen regimes. International Journal of Plant Production. 2017, 11(3). 437-452. https://doi.org/10.22069/ijpp.2017.3550

WU, C., et al. Enclosed stigma contributes to higher spikelet fertility for rice (Oryza sativa L.) subjected to heat stress. The Crop Journal. 2019, 7(3), 335-349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cj.2018.11.011

YOSHIDA, S. Rice plant characters in relation to yielding ability. In: S. YOSHIDA, ed. Fundamentals of rice crop science. Los Baños: Irri, 1981. pp. 213-230.

ZHONG, G., et al. Trade-off of within-leaf nitrogen allocation between photosynthetic nitrogen-use efficiency and water deficit stress acclimation in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 2019, 135, 41-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2018.11.021

Downloads

Published

2022-08-05

How to Cite

CONSTANTINO MEIRELLES, F., ARF, O., FERNANDA SIVIERO GARCIA, N., TERUO TAKASU, A., DE SOUZA BUZO, F., ROBERTO PORTUGAL, J. and RIBEIRO PERES PORTUGAL, A., 2022. Impact of sowing dates on the yield efficiency of upland rice cultivars. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 38, pp. e38040. [Accessed12 August 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v38n0a2022-54110. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/54110.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences