Assessment of genetic diversity in chinese hulless barley accessions for qualitative traits

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v37n0a2021-53703

Keywords:

Barley, Chinese Hulless Barley, Cluster Analysis, Genetic Diversity, Qualitative Traits.

Abstract

Cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) has been proven to be an economically important model plant and having large genetic diversity among the species. The effective exploitation of qualitative characters in barley can be measured by its genetic diversity and interrelationship. This study aims to determine the assessment of genetic diversity in Chinese hulless barley accessions for qualitative traits. Presently, in this study, the genetic diversity of 208 Chinese hulless barley from different Provinces of China, 111 genotypes were from the Tibet plateau, 30 Sichuan, 2 USA, 1 Canada, 12 Gansu, 51 Qinghai, 1 Yunnan was investigated; collected. Almost all the qualitative traits including crude protein, fiber, starch, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber exhibited significantly high variability (p≤0.0001) among the cultivars. The data were analyzed using Statistics 8.1. In this study, significantly high variation was observed between starch content and neutral detergent fiber (23.64% and 11.54%). However, the highest diversity is based on the magnitude of the coefficient of variation exhibited in crude protein (13.82%), starch (12.87%), and fiber (12.17%). There was a significantly positive correlation between fiber, acid detergent fiber, and neutral detergent fiber except for starch content with crude protein and fiber that exhibited a significant negative correlation (r= -0.38*** and r= -0.92***). A large genetic diversity was observed through cluster analysis among all the 208 barley accessions, distance coefficient ranging between 0.28 and 75.86. The histogram revealed that frequency distributions of 208 different genotypes of hulless barley crop with all five different characters, crude protein, fiber, starch, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber, showed normal distribution. It is concluded that this hulless barley study showed genetic diversity among the accessions and confirmed genetic diversity in various traits used.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

BAIK, B.K., 2014. Processing of barley grain for food and feed barley. IN: SHEWRY, P.R. and Ullrich, S.E. (Eds). Barley: Chemistry and Technology. 2nd Ed. Amsterdam: Elsevier, p. 233-268. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-891127-79-3.50010-X

BLEIDERE, M. and GAILE, Z. Grain quality traits important in feed barley. Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences. Section B. Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences. 2012, 66(1),1-9. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10046-011-0039-8

BLEIDERE, M., et al. Biochemical Composition of Spring Barley Grain Pearled to Varying Degrees. Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences. Section B. Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences. 2017, 71(6), 468–473. https://doi.org/10.1515/prolas-2017-0082

CAI, S., et al. Grain protein content variation and its association analysis in barley. BMC plant biology. 2013, 13, 35. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-13-35

CARDINAL, A., LEE, M. and MOORE, K. Genetic mapping and analysis of quantitative trait loci affecting fiber and lignin content in maize. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 2003, 106, 866-874. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-002-1136-5

DYULGEROVA, B., DYULGEROV, N. and DIMOVA, D. Variation in the chemical composition and physical characteristics of grain from winter barley varieties. Agricultural Science and Technology. 2017, 9(9), 198-202. https://doi.org/10.15547/ast.2017.03.036

ELAKHDAR, A., et al. Assessment of genetic diversity in Egyptian barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes using SSR and SNP markers. Genetic resources crop evolution. 2018, 65, 1937-1951. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0666-x

ESHGHI, R. and AKHUNDOVA, E. Genetic diversity in hulless barley based on agromorphological traits and RAPD markers and comparison with storage protein analysis. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2010, 5(1), 97-107. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR09.363

FAN, C., et al. Identification of QTLs controlling grain protein concentration using a high-density SNP and SSR linkage map in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). BMC plant biology. 2017, 17, 122. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-017-1067-6

FERREIRA, J.R., et al. Assessment of genetic diversity in Brazilian barley using SSR markers. Genetics and molecular biology. 2016, 39(1), 86-96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-4685-GMB-2015-0148

GOUS, P.W., GILBERT, R.G. and FOX, G.P. Drought‐proofing barley (Hordeum vulgare) and its impact on grain quality: A review. Journal of the Institute of Brewing. 2015, 121, 19-27. https://doi.org/10.1002/jib.187

GUO, J., et al. Identification and Expression Analysis of Wheat TaGF14 Genes. Frontiers in genetics. 2018, 9, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2018.00012

GUO, Y., et al. Genetic diversity analysis of hulless barley from Shangri-la region revealed by SSR and AFLP markers. Genetic resources and crop evolution. 2012, 59(7) 1543-1552. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-011-9783-5

JANCIK, F., et al. Determination of indigestible neutral detergent fibre contents of grasses and its prediction from chemical composition. Czech Journal of Animal Science-UZPI. 2008, 53(3),128–135. https://doi.org/10.17221/2716-CJAS

KAUR, S., et al. Genetic variation and evaluation of exotic barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes for grain protein content, starch content and agronomic traits. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. 2016, 7(4), 1114-1121. https://doi.org/10.5958/0975-928X.2016.00154.X

KUMAR, D., et al. Scope of food barley research annd development in India. Wheat and Barley Research. 2018, 10(8), 166-172. https://doi.org/10.25174/2249-4065/2018/84878

KUMAR, V., et al. Barley research in India: Retrospect & prospects. Journal of Wheat Research. 2014, 6(1),1-20.

LIU, B., et al. Determining factors for the diversity of hulless barley agroecosystem in the himalaya region—A case study from Northwest Yunnan, China. Global Ecology and Conservation. 2019, 18, e00600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00600

MATSUMOTO, T., et al. Comprehensive sequence analysis of 24,783 barley full-length cDNAs derived from 12 clone libraries. Plant physiology. 2011, (156), 20-28. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.110.171579

MOHTASHAMI, R. The correlation study of important barley agronomic traits and grain yield by path analysis. Biological Forum. 2015, 7(1),1211-1219.

MUHE, K. and ASSEFA, A. Diversity and agronomic potential of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces in variable production system, Ethiopia. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2011, 7(5),599-603.

MUT, Z., KOSE, O. and AKAY, H. Grain yield and some quality traits of different oat avena sativa L. genotypes. Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Aspects. 2016, 2(12), 83-88.

NARWAL, S., et al. Hulless barley as a promising source to improve the nutritional quality of wheat products. Journal of food science and technology. 2017, 54, 2638-2644. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-017-2669-6

SANGHERA, G., et al. Agro-morphological and genetic diversity among elite wheat genotypes grown under Kashmir conditions. International Journal of Current Research. 2014, 8(6),7735-7740.

SETOTAW, T., et al. Developing selection criteria based on an ontogenetic path analysis approach to improve grain yield in barley. Genetics and Molecular Research. 2014, 13(2), 4635-4646. http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/2014.June.18.6

WANG, Y., et al. Origin of worldwide cultivated barley revealed by NAM-1 gene and grain protein content. Frontiers in plant science. 2015, 6, 803. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.00803

YOUSSEF, M., et al. Nutritional assessment of barley, talbina and their germinated products. Scientific Journal of Crop Science. 2013, 3(2),56-65.

ZANG L., et al. Genome-wide analysis of the fasciclin-like arabinogalactan protein gene family reveals differential expression patterns, localization, and salt stress response in Populus. Frontiers in plant science. 2015, (6), 1140. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.01140

ZENG, X., et al. The draft genome of Tibetan hulless barley reveals adaptive patterns to the high stressful Tibetan Plateau. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2015, 112(4), 1095-1100. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1423628112

ZHU, F. Barley starch: Composition, structure, properties, and modifications. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. 2017, 16, 558-579. https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12265

Downloads

Published

2021-08-20

How to Cite

MEMON, S., YANG, S.., LIU, X.., HE, X.., MEMON, S.., KHASKHELI, M.I.. and FENG, Z.., 2021. Assessment of genetic diversity in chinese hulless barley accessions for qualitative traits. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 37, pp. e37046. [Accessed14 August 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v37n0a2021-53703. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/53703.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences