Assessment of genetic diversity in chinese hulless barley accessions for qualitative traits
Keywords:Barley, Chinese Hulless Barley, Cluster Analysis, Genetic Diversity, Qualitative Traits.
Cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) has been proven to be an economically important model plant and having large genetic diversity among the species. The effective exploitation of qualitative characters in barley can be measured by its genetic diversity and interrelationship. This study aims to determine the assessment of genetic diversity in Chinese hulless barley accessions for qualitative traits. Presently, in this study, the genetic diversity of 208 Chinese hulless barley from different Provinces of China, 111 genotypes were from the Tibet plateau, 30 Sichuan, 2 USA, 1 Canada, 12 Gansu, 51 Qinghai, 1 Yunnan was investigated; collected. Almost all the qualitative traits including crude protein, fiber, starch, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber exhibited significantly high variability (p≤0.0001) among the cultivars. The data were analyzed using Statistics 8.1. In this study, significantly high variation was observed between starch content and neutral detergent fiber (23.64% and 11.54%). However, the highest diversity is based on the magnitude of the coefficient of variation exhibited in crude protein (13.82%), starch (12.87%), and fiber (12.17%). There was a significantly positive correlation between fiber, acid detergent fiber, and neutral detergent fiber except for starch content with crude protein and fiber that exhibited a significant negative correlation (r= -0.38*** and r= -0.92***). A large genetic diversity was observed through cluster analysis among all the 208 barley accessions, distance coefficient ranging between 0.28 and 75.86. The histogram revealed that frequency distributions of 208 different genotypes of hulless barley crop with all five different characters, crude protein, fiber, starch, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber, showed normal distribution. It is concluded that this hulless barley study showed genetic diversity among the accessions and confirmed genetic diversity in various traits used.
BAIK, B.K., 2014. Processing of barley grain for food and feed barley. IN: SHEWRY, P.R. and Ullrich, S.E. (Eds). Barley: Chemistry and Technology. 2nd Ed. Amsterdam: Elsevier, p. 233-268. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-891127-79-3.50010-X
BLEIDERE, M. and GAILE, Z. Grain quality traits important in feed barley. Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences. Section B. Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences. 2012, 66(1),1-9. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10046-011-0039-8
BLEIDERE, M., et al. Biochemical Composition of Spring Barley Grain Pearled to Varying Degrees. Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences. Section B. Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences. 2017, 71(6), 468–473. https://doi.org/10.1515/prolas-2017-0082
CAI, S., et al. Grain protein content variation and its association analysis in barley. BMC plant biology. 2013, 13, 35. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-13-35
CARDINAL, A., LEE, M. and MOORE, K. Genetic mapping and analysis of quantitative trait loci affecting fiber and lignin content in maize. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 2003, 106, 866-874. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-002-1136-5
DYULGEROVA, B., DYULGEROV, N. and DIMOVA, D. Variation in the chemical composition and physical characteristics of grain from winter barley varieties. Agricultural Science and Technology. 2017, 9(9), 198-202. https://doi.org/10.15547/ast.2017.03.036
ELAKHDAR, A., et al. Assessment of genetic diversity in Egyptian barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes using SSR and SNP markers. Genetic resources crop evolution. 2018, 65, 1937-1951. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0666-x
ESHGHI, R. and AKHUNDOVA, E. Genetic diversity in hulless barley based on agromorphological traits and RAPD markers and comparison with storage protein analysis. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2010, 5(1), 97-107. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR09.363
FAN, C., et al. Identification of QTLs controlling grain protein concentration using a high-density SNP and SSR linkage map in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). BMC plant biology. 2017, 17, 122. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-017-1067-6
FERREIRA, J.R., et al. Assessment of genetic diversity in Brazilian barley using SSR markers. Genetics and molecular biology. 2016, 39(1), 86-96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-4685-GMB-2015-0148
GOUS, P.W., GILBERT, R.G. and FOX, G.P. Drought‐proofing barley (Hordeum vulgare) and its impact on grain quality: A review. Journal of the Institute of Brewing. 2015, 121, 19-27. https://doi.org/10.1002/jib.187
GUO, J., et al. Identification and Expression Analysis of Wheat TaGF14 Genes. Frontiers in genetics. 2018, 9, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2018.00012
GUO, Y., et al. Genetic diversity analysis of hulless barley from Shangri-la region revealed by SSR and AFLP markers. Genetic resources and crop evolution. 2012, 59(7) 1543-1552. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-011-9783-5
JANCIK, F., et al. Determination of indigestible neutral detergent fibre contents of grasses and its prediction from chemical composition. Czech Journal of Animal Science-UZPI. 2008, 53(3),128–135. https://doi.org/10.17221/2716-CJAS
KAUR, S., et al. Genetic variation and evaluation of exotic barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes for grain protein content, starch content and agronomic traits. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. 2016, 7(4), 1114-1121. https://doi.org/10.5958/0975-928X.2016.00154.X
KUMAR, D., et al. Scope of food barley research annd development in India. Wheat and Barley Research. 2018, 10(8), 166-172. https://doi.org/10.25174/2249-4065/2018/84878
KUMAR, V., et al. Barley research in India: Retrospect & prospects. Journal of Wheat Research. 2014, 6(1),1-20.
LIU, B., et al. Determining factors for the diversity of hulless barley agroecosystem in the himalaya region—A case study from Northwest Yunnan, China. Global Ecology and Conservation. 2019, 18, e00600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00600
MATSUMOTO, T., et al. Comprehensive sequence analysis of 24,783 barley full-length cDNAs derived from 12 clone libraries. Plant physiology. 2011, (156), 20-28. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.110.171579
MOHTASHAMI, R. The correlation study of important barley agronomic traits and grain yield by path analysis. Biological Forum. 2015, 7(1),1211-1219.
MUHE, K. and ASSEFA, A. Diversity and agronomic potential of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces in variable production system, Ethiopia. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2011, 7(5),599-603.
MUT, Z., KOSE, O. and AKAY, H. Grain yield and some quality traits of different oat avena sativa L. genotypes. Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Aspects. 2016, 2(12), 83-88.
NARWAL, S., et al. Hulless barley as a promising source to improve the nutritional quality of wheat products. Journal of food science and technology. 2017, 54, 2638-2644. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-017-2669-6
SANGHERA, G., et al. Agro-morphological and genetic diversity among elite wheat genotypes grown under Kashmir conditions. International Journal of Current Research. 2014, 8(6),7735-7740.
SETOTAW, T., et al. Developing selection criteria based on an ontogenetic path analysis approach to improve grain yield in barley. Genetics and Molecular Research. 2014, 13(2), 4635-4646. http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/2014.June.18.6
WANG, Y., et al. Origin of worldwide cultivated barley revealed by NAM-1 gene and grain protein content. Frontiers in plant science. 2015, 6, 803. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.00803
YOUSSEF, M., et al. Nutritional assessment of barley, talbina and their germinated products. Scientific Journal of Crop Science. 2013, 3(2),56-65.
ZANG L., et al. Genome-wide analysis of the fasciclin-like arabinogalactan protein gene family reveals differential expression patterns, localization, and salt stress response in Populus. Frontiers in plant science. 2015, (6), 1140. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.01140
ZENG, X., et al. The draft genome of Tibetan hulless barley reveals adaptive patterns to the high stressful Tibetan Plateau. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2015, 112(4), 1095-1100. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1423628112
ZHU, F. Barley starch: Composition, structure, properties, and modifications. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. 2017, 16, 558-579. https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12265
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Sadaf Memon, Shimin Yang, Xinchun Liu, Xue He, Shabana Memon, Muhammad Ibrahim Khaskheli, Zongyun Feng
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.