Comparative molecular studies of halophilic bacteria from saline water and soil in the Saudi environment


  • Mohamed Morsi M. Ahmed King Abdulaziz University
  • Md. Mohibul Alam Khan King Abdulaziz University
  • Saleh M. S. Al-Garni King Abdulaziz University
  • Roop Singh Bora King Abdulaziz University
  • Saleh A. Kabli King Abdulaziz University



Halophiles., Salinity., 16S rRNA gene, Hydrolases, Protease., Amylase.


Halophilic bacteria are a microorganism that grows optimally in the presence of the very high concentration of sodium chloride. Halophiles are vital sources of various enzymes including hydrolases, which are very stable and catalytically highly efficient at high salt concentration and other extreme conditions such as high temperature, pH and presence of organic solvents.  Several hydrolases such as amylases, proteases, and lipases have been obtained from halophilic bacteria and are commonly used for various industrial applications. We initiated a screening project to isolate and characterize the halophilic bacteria from the Red Sea, which is one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world. Water and soil samples, collected from the Red Sea coast, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, were screened for isolation of halophilic bacteria. Ten bacterial isolates were obtained, which were characterized by biochemical tests and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Hydrolase producing bacteria among the isolates were screened by plate assay on starch and gelatin agar plates for amylase and protease, respectively.  Two bacterial isolates i.e Bacillus haynesii and Enterobacter cloacae subsp. were found to possess significant amylase and protease activity. Further characterization of both the strains is in progress.


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How to Cite

AHMED, M.M.M.., KHAN, M.M.A.., AL-GARNI, S.M.S.., BORA , R.S.. and KABLI, S.A.., 2020. Comparative molecular studies of halophilic bacteria from saline water and soil in the Saudi environment. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 1024–1031. [Accessed16 June 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v36n3a2020-49988. Available from:



Biological Sciences