Cytogenetic characterization of Ameivula ocellifera (Spix, 1825) (Squamata, Teiidae) from the brazilian northeast

Authors

  • Marcelo João da Silva Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Flávia Manoela Galvão Cipriano Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Ana Paula de Araújo Vieira Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Maria Rita dos Santos Cândido Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Tamaris Gimenez Pinheiro Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Edson Lourenço da Silva Universidade Federal do Piauí

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v36n3a2020-49880

Keywords:

Ameivula ocellifera., C Banding., Cytogenetic markers., Karyotype. NOR.

Abstract

Ameivula is as a new genus of Teiidae family that emerged after extensive revision of species that comprised the former complex of species called Cnemidophorus group. Its species has a wide distribution from the northeast of Brazil to northern Argentina. Cytogenetic studies in the Teiidae family have shown that karyotypical data are important tools in phylogenetic and systematic studies within this group allowing to determine the position of species in the family. Thus, this study aimed to describe the karyotype of Ameivula ocellifera (Spix, 1825) from Picos, Piauí state in the Brazilian Northeast. Specimens were collected from August 2014 to October 2015 using interception traps and pitfalls, mounted randomly along the Caatinga area. The animals were collected and transported to Federal Institute of Piauí, campus Picos, where was carried out all laboratory procedures. Individuals analyzed showed a diploid number of 2n = 50 for both sexes, with karyotype composed by 30 macrochromosomes and 20 microchromosomes of telocentric and subtelocentric types. There were no heteromorphic sex chromosomes in the studied specimens. C-band technique evidenced the heterochromatic blocks in pericentromeric and telomeric regions of chromosomes. The nucleolar organizing regions appeared as a simple unit located at the terminal portion of the long arm of chromosomal pair number 5. The chromosomal characteristics of A. ocellifera analyzed do not show divergences regarding individuals from other regions. However, the nucleolar organizing regions seems to be a good chromosomal marker that permits to distinguish the species already studied.

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Published

2020-04-13

How to Cite

SILVA, M.J. da ., CIPRIANO, F.M.G.., VIEIRA, A.P. de A.., CÂNDIDO, M.R. dos S.., PINHEIRO, T.G. and SILVA, E.L. da ., 2020. Cytogenetic characterization of Ameivula ocellifera (Spix, 1825) (Squamata, Teiidae) from the brazilian northeast. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 1018–1023. [Accessed29 November 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v36n3a2020-49880. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/49880.

Issue

Section

Biological Sciences