Extracts of native forest species of the southern amazon in the control of Aphis craccivora koch (Hemiptera: aphididae)

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v37n0a2021-48182

Keywords:

Aphid, Insecticide Botanic, Plant Extracts.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the mortality of Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) submitted to different extracts with different concentrations of leaves of the native forest species: Tetragastris altissima (Aubl.) Swart (Burseraceae), Metrodorea flavida K. Krause (Rutaceae) and Cheiloclinium cognatum (Miers) AC Sm (Celastraceae) under laboratory conditions. Adults of Aphis craccivora were collected in Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunthe Walp. (Fabaceae), and separated into groups of ten individuals, transferred to Petri dishes and exposed to topical application of aqueous, alcoholic and leaf infusion extracts of Cheiloclinium cognatum, Metrodorea flavida and Tetragastris altissima. The extracts were applied at concentrations of: 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15%, with 1% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), using a control treatment 1 (distilled water + DMSO 1%) and control treatment 2 (fipronil). Evaluations were performed at 24, 48 and 72 hours after the application of the extracts by counting the dead insects. The experimental design was completely randomized, with five replicates, three types of extracts and five concentrations with controls. In all the studied species, the aqueous and infusion extracts presented a lower mortality (less than 52%), whereas the alcoholic extract in higher concentrations of Cheiloclinium cognatum, Metrodorea flavida showed a mortality of up to 100%. The species Tetragastris altissima reached an average mortality of 92%. The lethal concentration for the alcoholic extract of Cheiloclinium cognatum was LC50 6.43% and LC90 12.22%, Metrodorea flavida LC50 was 3.08% and LC90 7.05% and that for Tetragastris altissima LC50 5.58% and LC90 17.47%, after 72 hours. The use of the alcoholic extract of the species Metrodorea flavida at a concentration of 9% in the control of Aphis craccivora is indicated.

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Published

2021-04-27

How to Cite

SANCHES, L.A., OLIVEIRA, S. de B., SASAYA, M.K. and GARLET, J., 2021. Extracts of native forest species of the southern amazon in the control of Aphis craccivora koch (Hemiptera: aphididae). Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 37, pp. e37018. [Accessed14 August 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v37n0a2021-48182. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/48182.

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Section

Agricultural Sciences