First detection of Leishmania of the subgenus viannia in Alipiopsitta xanthops, endemic bird of South America

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v37n0a2021-48024

Keywords:

Birds, IRBP, Leishmania, PCR, rDNA, SSU.

Abstract

We report the first molecular detection of Leishmania infection (subgenus Viannia) in the yellow-faced parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops), at a wildlife rehabilitation center located in the city of Campo Grande, Brazil, an endemic area for leishmaniasis. PCRs targeting kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) and the small subunit of ribosomal RNA of Leishmania spp. were performed, both positive, followed by the sequencing of the amplified region of the SSU rDNA gene, which confirmed the identity of the parasite. This is the first report of success obtained in the use of PCR targeting the IRBP (Interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein) gene as an internal control in the molecular diagnosis of pathogens in bird species.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

BASANO, S.D.A. and CAMARGO, L.M.A. American cutaneous leishmaniasis: history, epidemiology and prospects for control. Revista brasileira de epidemiologia. 2004, 7(3), 328-337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2004000300010

CASTRO, L.S., et al. Leishmania presence in bats in areas endemic for leishmaniasis in central-west Brazil. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife. 2020, 11, 261-267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2020.02.008

CASTRO, L.S., et al. Characterization of Leishmania species from central-west region of Brazil. Parasitology research. 2018, 117(6), 1839-1845. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-018-5871-1

CRUZ, I., et al. A nested polymerase chain reaction (Ln-PCR) for diagnosing and monitoring Leishmania infantum infection in co-infected patients with human immunodeficiency virus. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2002, 96(Supp. 1), S1/185- S1/189. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0035-9203(02)90074-X

FERREIRA, E.C., et al.. Alternative PCR protocol using a single primer set for assessing DNA quality in several tissues from a large variety of mammalian species living in areas endemic for leishmaniasis. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. 2010, 105(7), 895-898. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762010000700009

GONÇALVES, L.R., et al. Diversity and molecular characterization of novel hemoplasmas infecting wild rodents from different Brazilian biomes. Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. 2015, 43, 50-56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cimid.2015.10.006

HUMBERG, R.M., et al. Leishmania chagasi in opossums (Didelphis albiventris) in an urban area endemic for visceral leishmaniasis, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. 2012, 87(3), 470-472. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0534

JANSA, S.A. and WEKSLER, M. Phylogeny of muroid rodents: relationships within and among major lineages as determined by IRBP gene sequences. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution. 2004, 31(1), 256-276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2003.07.002

LAINSON, R, et al. Leishmania (Viannia) shawi sp. n., a parasite of monkeys, sloths and procyonids in Amazonian Brazil. Annales de Parasitologie Humane et Comparé. 1989, 64(3), 200-207.

MARINHO, U.G.R., et al., 2017. Estudo de flebotomíneos (Diptera: Psychodidae) e da infecção natural por Leishmania spp. no centro de reabilitação de animais silvestres (CRAS), Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul. In: 8º Seminário de Iniciação Científica. ISSN 2237-8901. Disponível em: <https://repositorio.pgsskroton.com/handle/123456789/4459> Acessado em: 22 Junho 2020.

MAYRINK, W., et al. Epidemiology of dermal leishmaniasis in the Rio Doce Valley, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. 1979, 73(2), 123-137. https://doi.org/10.1080/00034983.1979.11687239

OLIVEIRA, A.G.D., et al. Abundance of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) and urban transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. 2006, 101(8), 869-874. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762006000800008

OLIVEIRA, A.G.D., et al. Estudo de flebotomíneos (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) na zona urbana da cidade de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, 1999-2000. Cadernos de Saúde Pública. 2003, 19, 933-944.

OTRANTO, D., et al. Experimental and field investigations on the role of birds as hosts of Leishmania infantum, with emphasis on the domestic chicken. Acta tropica. 2010, 113(1), 80-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2009.09.014

QUEIROZ, R.G., et al. Phlebotomine sandfly (Diptera: Psychodidae) fauna survey in an American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) focus in Baturité, Ceará State Northeast Brazil. Parassitologia. 1991, 33(Sup. 1), 159-167.

RODRIGUES, A.C., et al. Criação peridomiciliar de galináceos aumenta o risco de leishmaniose visceral humana. Revista Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical. 1999, 32(12), 3.

ROQUE, A.L.R. and JANSEN, A.M. Wild and synanthropic reservoirs of Leishmania species in the Americas. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife. 2014, 3(3), 251-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2014.08.004

SHAPIRO, J.T., et al. First record of Leishmania braziliensis presence detected in bats, Mato Grosso do Sul, southwest Brazil. Acta Tropica. 2013, 128, 171–174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2013.07.004.

SILVA, E.A., et al. Detection of Leishmania DNA in phlebotomines captured in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Experimental Parasitology. 2008, 119, 343–348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2008.03.011

SILVA E.S., et al. Visceral leishmaniasis in the crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous) in south-east Brazil. Veterinary Record. 2000, 147, 421-422.

TONELLI, G. B., et al. Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis infection in wild small mammals in ecotourism area of Brazil. PloS one. 2017, 12(12), e0190315. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190315

WHO. World Health Organization. Global leishmaniasis update, 2006–2015: a turning point in leishmaniasis surveillance. Weekly Epidemiological Record. 2017, 92(38), 557-565.

Downloads

Published

2021-02-25

How to Cite

DÁVALO MATHEUS, L.M., DUARTE, P.O.. and FERREIRA, E. de C.., 2021. First detection of Leishmania of the subgenus viannia in Alipiopsitta xanthops, endemic bird of South America. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 37, pp. e37014. [Accessed14 August 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v37n0a2021-48024. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/48024.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences