Comparison among chemical thinners applied to ‘Maciel’ and ‘Sensação’ peach trees

Authors

  • Roseli de Mello Farias Universidade Estadual do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Caroline Farias Barreto Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Renan Ricardo Zandoná Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Carlos Roberto Martins Embrapa Clima Temperado
  • Paulo Celso de Mello Farias Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Marcelo Barbosa Malgarim Universidade Federal de Pelotas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v36n6a2020-48010

Keywords:

Abscission., Prunus persica., Benzyladenine., Metamitron., Ethephon., Production.

Abstract

Peach tree thinning, which aims at reducing plant load so as to ensure productivity and fruit quality, has been manually carried out within a short period of time in the stage of fruit development. Due to the need and shortage of qualified man power, chemical thinning is one of the alternatives that can solve these difficulties found in manual thinning. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of different products which have been applied – either alone or in combination – to fruit thinning of peach tree cultivars ‘Sensação’ and ‘Maciel’ in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul (RS) state, Brazil. The experiment was conducted in the 2015/2016 crop in a commercial peach orchard located in Morro Redondo, RS, Brazil. The following seven treatments were carried out 40 days after full bloom (DAFB): plants with no thinning, manual thinning, metamitron, benzyladenine, benzyladenine + metamitron, ethephon, ethephon + metamitron. Fruit abscission, effective fructification, number of fruits and production per plant, mean mass and fruit classification into caliber classes, epidermis color, pulp firmness and soluble solids were evaluated. Production and number of fruits per plant decreased excessively, whereas fruits placed in categories of higher caliber increased when ethephon was either used alone or in combination with metamitron. When both metamitron and benzyladenine were applied, either alone or in combination, they led to fruit abscission and resulted in mean fruit size and weight, at harvest time, similar to those found in manual thinning. Application of chemical products – either alone or in combination – may be an alternative of peach tree thinning in orchard management.           

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Published

2020-12-16

How to Cite

FARIAS, R. de M., BARRETO, C.F., ZANDONÁ, R.R., MARTINS, C.R., FARIAS, P.C. de M. and MALGARIM, M.B., 2020. Comparison among chemical thinners applied to ‘Maciel’ and ‘Sensação’ peach trees. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 1990–1998. [Accessed7 December 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v36n6a2020-48010. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/48010.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences