Effect of commercial silanes on bond strength of resin cement to lithium disilicate ceramic
Keywords:Silanes, Ceramics, Cementation, Shear strength.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different commercial silanes on microshear bond strength of resin cement to lithium disilicate ceramic. Twenty ceramic samples with 10 mm in length, 10 mm wide and 3 mm in thickness were fabricated, etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 seconds, and divided into 5 groups, according to the commercial silane applied: G1- RelyX Ceramic Primer (3M ESPE), G2- Angelus Silane, G3- Prosil (FGM), G4- Dentsply Silane (Dentsply) and G5- Bis-Silane (Bisco). Silanes were applied in accordance to manufacturers’ recommendations. Addition silicone molds with 1 mm in thickness, 10 mm in diameter and 3 perforations with 1 mm in diameter each one, were placed on ceramic and filled with the resin cement Rely X ARC (3M ESPE) in all groups. Light activation was performed with LED Bluephase G2 (Ivoclar Vivadent) at 1200 mW/cm2, for 30 seconds. Samples were maintained in 100% humidity at 37°C for 24 hours and submitted to microshear test. The data (MPa) were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α=0.05). The results obtained for each group were: G1: 22.39±2.99; G2: 23.35±4.08; G3: 26.05±5.46; G4: 18.56±4.09; G5: 25.26±4.10. Statistical analysis showed significantly lower microshear bond strength for G4. Fracture pattern analysis showed predominance of adhesive failures in G1 and G2. G3 and G5 presented higher percentage of cohesive failures in ceramic, and G4 showed mixed, adhesive and cohesive fractures with similar percentages. It was concluded that different silanes showed influence on the lithium disilicate ceramic – resin cement bond strength.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Jamille Favarão, Maurício Matté Zanini, Guilherme Bottene Guarda, Marcio José Mendonça, Mário Alexandre Coelho Sinhoreti, Simonides Consani, Eliseu Augusto Sicoli
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