Inbreeding depression and genetic variability in agricultural traits and resistance to phytopathogens in exotic maize populations
Keywords:Genetic parameters, Endogamic families, Leaf diseases, Zea mays
The effect known as depression by inbreeding refers to the reduction on the average value of quantitative traits, related to plant reproduction and physiology, due to the homozygosis of deleterious alleles. This study evaluated the inbreeding depression and the genetic variability of agricultural traits and of the resistance to phytopathogens in inbred families of two exotic maize populations. The experiments were done in the experimental area of the Universidade Federal de Goiás, Regional Jataí, in the second harvest 2015. Fifty and 40 FS1 of NAP5 and NAP7 populations, respectively, were evaluated interplanting one row with a mixture of base population at every ten plots to estimate depression by inbreeding of the traits evaluated. The experimental design was randomized blocks, with three replications. The following traits were evaluated: AP – plant height (cm), AE – ear height (cm), FM – male flowering (days), PQ – number of broken plants, AC – number of lodged plants, PG – kernel production (kg plot-1). The greatest estimates of depression by inbreeding in the agricultural traits were observed for kernel production, with values of 51.2 and 38.9% for the populations NAP5 and NAP7, respectively. Among the traits of resistance to phytopathogens, the greatest estimate was observed for the stunting complex, with values of -58.9% in NAP5 and -74.2% in NAP7. Both populations under study presented genetic potential to be used in breeding programs with recurrent selection and, after some selection cycles, lineages with good agricultural standard and resistance to phytopathogens can be obtained.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Aurilene Santos Oliveira, Edésio Fialho dos Reis, Ana Paula Oliveira Nogueira, Fernando Cezar Juliatti
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