Yield and quality of cherry tomato fruits in hydroponic cultivation

Authors

  • Nildo da Silva Dias Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
  • Adriana Araújo Diniz Universidade Estadual do Maranhão
  • Patrícia Ligia Dantas de Morais Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
  • Gledyson Dos Santos Pereira Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
  • Francisco Vanies da Silva Sá Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
  • Bruno Goulart de Azevedo Souza Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
  • Lourival Ferreira Cavalcante Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Miguel Ferreira Neto Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v35n5a2019-42345

Keywords:

Lycopersicon esculentum., Nutrients., Irrigation., Hydroponics system.

Abstract

Because of the food and industrial importance of tomato, it holds great significance, and is one of the most produced species using the hydroponic cultivation systems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of nutrient solution on the production and quality of cherry tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum ‘Samambaia’) grown in a hydroponic system in protected conditions. The experiment was conducted in pots filled with coconut fiber substrate using a randomized complete block design with four replications and six plants per plot. Five concentrations of nutrients were evaluated (50, 75, 100, 125, and 150% of the standard nutrient solution); the solutions produced the following electrical conductivities: 1.8, 2.0, 2.6, 3.4, and 3.9 dS m-1, respectively. At 90 days after transplanting, the tomato fruits were harvested, at which time the production variables and post-harvest quality of mature fruits were determined. The best production and post-harvest quality indexes of cherry tomatoes (‘Samambaia’) were found when using 111% of the standard nutrient solution, corresponding to the concentrations of 9.44, 2.44, 2.22, 6.44, 4.11, 2.44, and 2.78 mmolc L-1, of NO3-, NH4+, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S, respectively; and 66.6, 55.5, 14.4, 1.89, 0.56, and 0.44 mmolc L-1, of Fe, B, Mn, Zn, Cu, and Mo, respectively. Nutrient solutions with electrical conductivity above 2.89 dS m-1 severely reduced the fruit yield of cherry tomatoes.

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Published

2019-10-09

How to Cite

DIAS, N. da S., DINIZ, A.A., MORAIS, P.L.D. de, PEREIRA, G.D.S., SÁ, F.V. da S., SOUZA, B.G. de A., CAVALCANTE, L.F. and FERREIRA NETO, M., 2019. Yield and quality of cherry tomato fruits in hydroponic cultivation. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 1470–1477. [Accessed30 November 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v35n5a2019-42345. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/42345.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences