Prevalence of malaria, typhoid and co-infection in District DIR (lower), Pakistan


  • Asma Waheed Qureshi Government College Women University
  • Zaib- Ullah Khan University Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
  • Luqman Khan Tohoku University
  • Abu Mansoor Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan
  • Rashid Minhas Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan



Malaria, Typhoid, Co-infection, KPK


Malaria and typhoid fever are among the most endemic diseases in the tropical and developing countries. Both diseases share similar transmission factor and often have the similar symptom. Based on this reason, much medical personnel try to cure both malaria and typhoid instantaneously in each case of suspected Salmonella infection and vice versa. The District Dir (Lower) is a favorable location for the protozoan nourishment and secondly mostly reported cases of malaria and typhoid co-infections. The main objective of this study was to find out the prevalence of malaria and typhoid co-infection in the District Dir (Lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan. The blood samples of 1889 patients were examined from September 2012 to April 2013, out of which 311 (16.46%) were positive for malaria and typhoid. Out of these infected, 117 (38%) sample was positive for malaria, 183 (58%) sample were positive for typhoid while co-infected cases were only 11 (4%). The current results indicate that this area is endemic for malaria and typhoid and co-infection. Its infection is prevalent in both the genders at varying degrees.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

WAHEED QURESHI, A., ULLAH KHAN, Z.-., KHAN, L., MANSOOR, A. and MINHAS, R., 2019. Prevalence of malaria, typhoid and co-infection in District DIR (lower), Pakistan. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 317–325. [Accessed1 March 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v35n1a2019-42250. Available from:



Health Sciences