Indirect response in genome wide selection using selected markers


  • Leonardo Lopes Bhering Universidade Federal de Viçosa
  • Shizhong Xu University of California



Genome Selection., Maize., Simulation., Data analysis., Plant breeding


The goal of this work was to compare the effect of the accuracy and residual variance in genome wide selection using marker selection as well as using the effect of the indirect selection, using simulated and real data. In simulated data was used one sample with 200 individuals with 1,000 molecular markers in F2 population. The real data was obtained in maize with F2 population with 441 individuals and genotyping with 261 SSR markers. There was 11 traits evaluated (ear length, ear width, row number, kernels per row, 100-kernel weight, ear weight, grain yield, length of branch, number of branch, plant height and ear height). All data was analyzed using rrBLUP method and 10-fold cross-validation. In simulated and maize data the results were similar: the residual variance with few markers is lower than with the 1000 markers and the accuracy with few markers is bigger than with 1000 markers. For maize data multi trait selection, the accuracy increased when the correlation between traits is greater than 0.50 and residual variance decreased when the correlation is greater than 0.70. In this sense, these results showed that marker selection could be used as a first step in genome wide selection, improving the prediction and compute demand.


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How to Cite

BHERING, L.L. and XU, S., 2019. Indirect response in genome wide selection using selected markers. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 1588–1598. [Accessed20 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v35n5a2019-42245. Available from:



Biological Sciences