Growth and fluorescence of ‘Tahiti’ acid lime/rootstock on Sunki mandarin hybrids under salinity
Keywords:Citrus spp., Genetic improvement, Ecophysiology, Irrigation, Salinity
The objective of this study was to evaluate the ecophysiological behavior of ‘Tahiti’ acid lime/rootstock grafted on Sunki mandarin hybrids during the prefloration stage of the plants, in the field, under saline stress. The progenies originating from crossings of the ‘Sunki’ mandarin with ‘Rangpur’ lime and Poncirus trioliata, as rootstocks, combined with the ‘Tahiti’ acid lime as a scion. The experiment was carried out under field conditions, at the Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Pombal PB fields. In drainage lysimeter of 150 dm3, studying 10 scion/rootstock combinations, irrigated with two water salinity levels (CEa) (S1 = 0.3 and S2 = 3.0 dS m-1) making a 10 x 2 factorial scheme. The experimental design was a randomized block design, with 3 replicates and each plot consisting of a useful plant, totalizing 60 parcels. The scion/rootstock plants were transplanted at one year of age from the rootstocks sowing, being the beginning of the applications of the saline stress to the 15 days after the transplant lasting until the period of flowering, that is, up to 195 days after transplanting, During this period the plants were analyzed for growth and chlorophyll fluorescence a. The combinations less sensitive to salinity were composed of the ‘Tahiti’ grafted with TSKFL x (LCR x TR) - 018, TSKFL x TRBK - 011 and TSKFL x TRBK - 030, it being possible to use saline water with up to 3.0 dS m-1 in irrigation. Salinity did not damage the biochemical phase of the scion/rootstock combinations, only affecting the initial fluorescence of the lighted tissue.
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Copyright (c) 2019 Luderlândio de Andrade Silva, Marcos Eric Barbosa Brito, Pedro Dantas Fernandes, Francisco Vaniés da Silva Sá, Rômulo Carantino Lucena Moreira, Giuliana Naiara Barros Sales, Juliana Formiga Almeida, Walter dos Santos Soares Filho
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