Soils characterization and classification in clean field, dirty field and forest areas in amazonian environments
Keywords:amazon soil, soil genesis, soil attributes, soil classification.
The soil and vegetation characteristics of the southern Amazonas region include highly weathered soils, high aluminum content and some hydromorphic conditions, its vegetation is composed from grasslands to small isolated trees and forest galleries along the rivers streams. In this way, this work aims to characterize and classify the soil in areas of clean field, dirty field, and forest in Humaitá region AM. Soil trenches were opened in the clean field, dirty field, and forest environments, soil profiles were morphologically characterized, and samples were collected from their horizons. Physical analysis of texture, dispersed clay in water, flocculation, bulk density, particle density and porosity were performed. The chemical analyzes included pH and KCl in water; Ca, Mg, K, Al, and; available P; H+Al and organic C; SiO2, Al2O3 and Fe2O3 sulfuric attack. The soils were classified according to criteria established by the Brazilian System of Soil Classification and Soil Taxonomy. The forest, dirty field (high) and clean field (low) showed different soil types, Typic Dystrudept for the first two environments and Typic Fluvaquents for last. Multivariate techniques expressed the similarity relations presenting between the different environments studied, characterizing, which are of great importance in the relation landscape-soil studies.
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Copyright (c) 2019 Uilson Franciscon, Milton César Costa Campos, Bruno Campos Mantovanelli, Luís Antonio Coutrim dos Santos, José Maurício da Cunha, Leonardo Chechi, Ivanildo Amorim de Oliveira
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.