Effects of salinity on the survival and histology of oysters Crassostrea gasar (Adanson, 1757)


  • Aline Horodesky Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Gisela Geraldine Castilho Westphal Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Nathieli Cozer Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Vitor Gomes Rossi Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Antonio Ostrensky Universidade Federal do Paraná




Estuary, Histopathology, Mortality, Oyster culture


Water salinity is among the most important factors influencing the distribution, abundance, growth, and survival of Crassostrea gasar, an important aquaculture resource grown in estuarine environments in diverse regions of the world. The goal of the present work was to evaluate the effects of different salinities on survival and the tissues of C. gasar under laboratory conditions. Two experiments were performed using adult oysters from five marine farms located in the bay of Guaratuba, Brazil. In Experiment 1, the daily survival rates were evaluated after the oysters were submitted to gradual acclimatization at salinities ranging from 0 to 65 gL-1 and maintained in the laboratory without feeding for up to 365 days. In Experiment 2, the oysters were exposed to salinity from 0 to 50 gL-1 for up to 30 days without feeding and possible histological alterations caused by salinity were assessed. Three tolerance ranges of C. gasar to salinity were identified: "Optimal" (between 4 and 40 gL-1), "Tolerable" (between 2.1 and 3.9 and between 41 and 50 gL-1) and "Intolerable" (less than 2 and greater than 50 gL-1). No evidence of histological alterations was observed in oysters exposed to the different salinities.


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How to Cite

HORODESKY, A., WESTPHAL, G.G.C., COZER, N., ROSSI, V.G.. and OSTRENSKY, A., 2019. Effects of salinity on the survival and histology of oysters Crassostrea gasar (Adanson, 1757). Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 586–597. [Accessed22 June 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v35n2a20198-42099. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/42099.



Biological Sciences