Does the surrounding vegetation influence the fruit fly assemblage in guava orchards?

Authors

  • Kátia da Cruz Vargas Universidade de Mato Grosso do Sul
  • Alfredo Raúl Abot Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul
  • Victor Ribeiro Acosta Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Marcos Henrique Frech Telles Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • José Nicácio do Nascimento Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
  • Flávio Roberto Mello Garcia Universidade Federal de Pelotas http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0493-1788

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v35n4a2019-42042

Keywords:

Agroecosystems, Anastrepha, fruit pests, Psidium guajava

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate how the surrounding vegetation affects the assemblage of fruit flies. For this, flies were collected in guava orchards with distinct types of surrounding vegetation (exotic pasture, native forest and fruit tree intercropping). The experiment was conducted in Itaporã and Dourados, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Weekly samples were collected from March to April 2015. McPhail traps were baited with 5% hydrolyzed corn protein. Species richness, diversity index and abundance were evaluated for each orchard, as well as the species composition of fruit fly between the environments surrounding the orchard and, finally, the sex ratio. A total of 579 individuals were collected of the species Anastrepha fraterculus, A. montei, A. obliqua, A. sororcula, A. striata, A. turpiniae and A. zenildae. The orchard surrounded by native forest had the highest species richness and Shannon diversity. The species composition differed between environments, with the formation of three distinct groups. The environment surrounding the guava orchard influences the richness, diversity, abundance and sex ratio of fruit flies, indicating that the native forest may provide more resources for the maintenance of these insects.

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Author Biography

Flávio Roberto Mello Garcia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Possui graduação em Ciências Biológicas, mestrado (1996) e doutorado (2002) em Zoologia pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (conceito 6 ). Realizou treinamentos no United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) nos Estados Unidos e na USP.

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Published

2019-08-08

How to Cite

VARGAS, K. da C., ABOT, A.R., ACOSTA, V.R., TELLES, M.H.F., DO NASCIMENTO, J.N. and GARCIA, F.R.M.., 2019. Does the surrounding vegetation influence the fruit fly assemblage in guava orchards?. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 1245–1255. [Accessed17 August 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v35n4a2019-42042. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/42042.

Issue

Section

Biological Sciences