Faunal analysis and injuries characterization of Polistinae (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) in niagara rosada vineyards in Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil

Authors

  • Ida Maria de Oliveira Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Alci Enimar Loeck Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Flávio Roberto Mello Garcia Universidade Federal de Pelotas http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0493-1788
  • Marcos Botton Laboratório de Entomologia, Embrapa Uva e Vinho

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v35n4a2019-42016

Keywords:

Serra Gaúcha, social wasp, grape, damage, wine

Abstract

The State of Rio Grande do Sul is a major producer of grapes in Brazil, highlighting the Serra Gaúcha as the main producing region. In the pursuit of good quality in grapes it is essential the control of pests, especially insects. This study highlights the incidence of wasps, which cause serious damage at harvest time. This study aimed to characterize the community of social wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) through faunal analysis and to examine the relationship of these insects with injuries to the grape berries in vineyards of Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul State. Therefore, active search were made in January and February 2014, followed by analysis of frequency, constancy, abundance, dominance and diversity. Ten species of wasps were able to use grape berries as food. The two dominant species were Polybia ignobilis and P. minarum, however, Synoeca cyanea has greater ability to break the intact berries. Other three species, Polistes cavapytiformis, P. versicolor and Brachygastra lecheguana, were also able to break the skin of grapes, but of damaged berries.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Flávio Roberto Mello Garcia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Possui graduação em Ciências Biológicas, mestrado (1996) e doutorado (2002) em Zoologia pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (conceito 6 ). Realizou treinamentos no United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) nos Estados Unidos e na USP.

Downloads

Published

2019-08-08

How to Cite

DE OLIVEIRA, I.M., LOECK, A.E.., GARCIA, F.R.M.. and BOTTON, M., 2019. Faunal analysis and injuries characterization of Polistinae (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) in niagara rosada vineyards in Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 1220–1226. [Accessed7 December 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v35n4a2019-42016. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/42016.

Issue

Section

Biological Sciences