Physiological response of seeds of peanut genotypes to water deficiency

Authors

  • Willians César Carrega Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Pedro de Figueiredo Rocha Barbosa Martins Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Allan Lopes Bacha Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Anne Elise Cesarin Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Thiago Souza Oliveira Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Ignácio José de Godoy Instituto Agronômico de Campinas
  • Pedro Luis da Costa Aguiar Alves Universidade Estadual Paulista

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v35n3a2019-41876

Keywords:

Arachis hypogaea L., PEG 6000, osmotic potential, water restriction, germination

Abstract

Among the factors that may influence the germination process of seeds, water deficiency is considered the most important. The present study aims to evaluate the physiological response of peanut genotypes to water deficiency. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with four replications in a 12 x 7 factorial scheme with 12 peanut genotypes and seven polyethylene glycol 6000 concentrations corresponding to osmotic potentials of 0.00; -0.10; -0.20; -0.40; -0.60; -0.80 and -1.00 MPa. The data were submitted to analysis of variance and Tukey’s test at a 5% probability level and, when significant, to analysis of variance adjusted to a quadratic polynomial curve. The germination percentage, seed vigor evaluated by the speed germination index, mean germination time, root length and root dry matter of some genotypes were affected by the osmotic potentials. Among the genotypes, there is a differential response related to the water deficiency level. In relation to the physiological response of the seeds, the lineages 506, 599, and 870 and the cultivar IAC Tatu-ST have a higher tolerance of water deficit. The peanut genotypes begin to suffer the effects of water deficiency at the osmotic potential of -0.4 MPa.

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Published

2019-06-11

How to Cite

CARREGA, W.C., MARTINS, P. de F.R.B.., BACHA, A.L.., CESARIN, A.E.., OLIVEIRA, T.S.., GODOY, I.J. de . and ALVES, P.L. da C.A., 2019. Physiological response of seeds of peanut genotypes to water deficiency. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 741–751. [Accessed25 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v35n3a2019-41876. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/41876.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences