Weed interference factors that affect the growth of an atlantic forest tree species
Keywords:Weeds, Reforestation, Urochloa brizantha, Schinus terebinthifolius
The objective of this study was to assess the possible existence of allelopathy and competition for water and nutrients of the grass Urochloa brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf cv. Marandu grown together with Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi in a greenhouse. The experimental design was completely randomized in a factorial scheme with 3 factors and the following levels: (1) one individual of the forest species with and without the presence of U. brizantha at a density of 4 individuals per pot; (2) supply of nutrients in limiting or non-limiting dose; and (3) supply of a limiting or non-limiting amount of water. We measured the height and root collar diameter of the tree seedlings, as well as the shoot and root dry weights of both species. There was competition by the grass with the tree species. The coexistence reduced the height by 30.5 cm, the root collar diameter by 1.58 mm and the shoot and root dry weights by 22.7 g and 9.5 g, respectively, of S. terebinthifolius. The greater supply of water in the pots increased the height by 18.9 cm of the S. terebinthifolius seedlings compared to the plants grown with limited water supply. Evidence was also observed of competition for nutrients, principally at the largest nutrient addition level, where the presence of the grass caused an additional decrease in the root collar diameter and shoot dry weight of the tree species, while the shoot and root dry weights of the grass increased. The results did not allow evaluating the existence of allelopathy of U. brizantha on S. terebinthifolius.
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Copyright (c) 2019 Thainá Alves dos Santos, Alexander Silva de Resende, Felipe Ferreira da Silva, Aroldo Ferreira Lopes Machado, Guilherme Montandon Chaer
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.